Next Article in Journal
Assessment of Energy Systems Using Extended Fuzzy AHP, Fuzzy VIKOR, and TOPSIS Approaches to Manage Non-Cooperative Opinions
Next Article in Special Issue
Simulation of Human Activity Intensity and Its Influence on Mammal Diversity in Sanjiangyuan National Park, China
Previous Article in Journal
What if Employees Brought Their Life to Work? The Relation of Life Satisfaction and Work Engagement
Open AccessArticle

Changes in the Historical and Current Habitat Ranges of Rare Wild Mammals in China: A Case Study of Six Taxa of Small- to Large-Sized Mammals

1
Jiangsu Provincial Key Laboratory of Geographic Information Science and Technology, Key Laboratory for Land Satellite Remote Sensing Applications of Ministry of Natural Resources, School of Geography and Ocean Science, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210023, China
2
School of Life Sciences, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210023, China
3
Jiangsu Center for Collabarative Innovation in Geographical Information Resource Development and Applicaiton, Nanjing 210023, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(7), 2744; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12072744
Received: 21 February 2020 / Revised: 22 March 2020 / Accepted: 28 March 2020 / Published: 31 March 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Wildlife Conservation: A Sustainability Perspective)
Through history, the habitats of wild mammals have changed greatly in China. Habitat changes may reflect changes in the environment and human–wildlife conflicts. This study focused on how the habitat changed for six taxa of rare wild mammals (one family, one genus, and four species) in mainland China. Their historical and current habitats were estimated according to their historical and current presence occurrences and three sets of environmental data (climate data, topography data, and human activity data), using the Maximum Entropy Model. Then, spatial statistical methods were used to analyze the changes in their habitats, and how human activities have influenced changes in their habitat. The results suggest that the habitats of all six taxa of mammals have shrunk considerably, compared to their historical ranges. With regards to current or past habitats, on average, 68.3% of habitats have been lost. The Asian elephant, which is facing the most serious habitat losses, has lost 93.1% of its habitat. By investigating the relationship between the changes in habitats and the anthropogenic impacts for each taxa, human activities have an obvious negative influence on mammal habitats. The sensitivity of habitats to human activities varies among different mammals: the tiger, Asian elephant, Bactrian camel, and snub-nosed monkey are more sensitive to human activities than musk deer and Chinese water deer. View Full-Text
Keywords: historical zoogeography; habitat range changes; wild mammals; MaxEnt model; human influences historical zoogeography; habitat range changes; wild mammals; MaxEnt model; human influences
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Qian, T.; Chi, Y.; Xi, C.; Li, Z.; Wang, J. Changes in the Historical and Current Habitat Ranges of Rare Wild Mammals in China: A Case Study of Six Taxa of Small- to Large-Sized Mammals. Sustainability 2020, 12, 2744.

AMA Style

Qian T, Chi Y, Xi C, Li Z, Wang J. Changes in the Historical and Current Habitat Ranges of Rare Wild Mammals in China: A Case Study of Six Taxa of Small- to Large-Sized Mammals. Sustainability. 2020; 12(7):2744.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Qian, Tianlu; Chi, Yao; Xi, Changbai; Li, Zhongqiu; Wang, Jiechen. 2020. "Changes in the Historical and Current Habitat Ranges of Rare Wild Mammals in China: A Case Study of Six Taxa of Small- to Large-Sized Mammals" Sustainability 12, no. 7: 2744.

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Search more from Scilit
 
Search
Back to TopTop