Next Article in Journal
“May the Smoke Keep Coming Out the Fireplace”: Moral Connections between Rural Tourism and Socio-Ecological Resilience in the EUME Region, Galicia
Previous Article in Journal
Simulation of Human Activity Intensity and Its Influence on Mammal Diversity in Sanjiangyuan National Park, China
Open AccessArticle

Traditional Agroforestry Systems and Conservation of Native Plant Diversity of Seasonally Dry Tropical Forests

1
Instituto de Investigaciones en Ecosistemas y Sustentabilidad (IIES), Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Antigua Carretera a Pátzcuaro 8701, Morelia 58190, Mexico
2
Escuela Nacional de Estudios Superiores (ENES), Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Antigua Carretera a Pátzcuaro 8701, Morelia 58190, Mexico
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(11), 4600; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12114600
Received: 17 April 2020 / Revised: 29 May 2020 / Accepted: 2 June 2020 / Published: 4 June 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Sustainable Agriculture)
Traditional agroforestry systems (TAFS), which integrate crops with wildlife, are important reservoirs of human culture and technical experiences with a high capacity for biodiversity conservation. Our study aimed to evaluate the capacity of TAFS to conserve the floristic diversity of tropical dry forests (TDF) in the Tehuacán-Cuicatlán Valley, Mexico. We compared TAFS and TDF by measuring their forest cover, floristic composition, and structure, in addition to documenting the motivations of people to maintain native vegetation in their agricultural fields. We conducted a restricted randomized sampling of perennial plant species, including nine sites of TAFS and nine of TDF to determine the alpha, beta, and gamma diversity. Furthermore, we conducted semi-structured interviews with peasants who managed the agricultural plots we studied. We also performed workshops with people of the communities where surveys were performed. Our findings show that TAFS can maintain, on average, 68% of the species (95% of them native to the region) and 53% of the abundance of individuals occurring in the adjacent TDF. TAFS harbour 30% (39 species) of plants endemic to Mexico. Total species richness of TDF and TAFS were similar, as well as the effective number of species or communities estimated for the alpha, beta, and gamma diversity, but differed in the abundance of individuals. The high species turnover recorded in TDF (72%) and TAFS (74%) has profound implications for conservation, suggesting that it would be necessary to maintain several sites in order to conserve the regional diversity of native vegetation. Material, non-material, and regulatory contributions were reported to be the reason that peasants take into account maintaining natural vegetation. TAFS associated with TDF in the region (also called “Apancles”) contain an important richness, diversity, and endemism of components of natural ecosystems, as well as provide multiple socio-ecological contributions. These systems could represent a viable alternative to reconcile biological conservation with social well-being. View Full-Text
Keywords: agroforestry; Apancles; biocultural diversity; biodiversity conservation; traditional plant management; Tehuacán-Cuicatlán Valley; tropical dry forest conservation agroforestry; Apancles; biocultural diversity; biodiversity conservation; traditional plant management; Tehuacán-Cuicatlán Valley; tropical dry forest conservation
Show Figures

Graphical abstract

MDPI and ACS Style

Rendón-Sandoval, F.J.; Casas, A.; Moreno-Calles, A.I.; Torres-García, I.; García-Frapolli, E. Traditional Agroforestry Systems and Conservation of Native Plant Diversity of Seasonally Dry Tropical Forests. Sustainability 2020, 12, 4600. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12114600

AMA Style

Rendón-Sandoval FJ, Casas A, Moreno-Calles AI, Torres-García I, García-Frapolli E. Traditional Agroforestry Systems and Conservation of Native Plant Diversity of Seasonally Dry Tropical Forests. Sustainability. 2020; 12(11):4600. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12114600

Chicago/Turabian Style

Rendón-Sandoval, Francisco J.; Casas, Alejandro; Moreno-Calles, Ana I.; Torres-García, Ignacio; García-Frapolli, Eduardo. 2020. "Traditional Agroforestry Systems and Conservation of Native Plant Diversity of Seasonally Dry Tropical Forests" Sustainability 12, no. 11: 4600. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12114600

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Search more from Scilit
 
Search
Back to TopTop