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Open AccessArticle

Yield and Quality Performance of Traditional and Improved Bread and Durum Wheat Varieties under Two Conservation Tillage Systems

1
Plant Genetic Resources Centre, National Institute for Agricultural and Food Research and Technology, 28800 Alcalá de Henares, Spain
2
Department of Biotechnology-Plant Biology, School of Agricultural, Food and Biosystems Engineering, Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, 28040 Madrid, Spain
3
Current address: Forest Research Centre, National Institute for Agricultural and Food Research and Technology, 28040 Madrid, Spain
4
Environmental Science Department, National Institute for Agricultural and Food Research and Technology, 28040 Madrid, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2019, 11(17), 4522; https://doi.org/10.3390/su11174522
Received: 25 July 2019 / Revised: 14 August 2019 / Accepted: 18 August 2019 / Published: 21 August 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Genetic Resources for Sustainable Agriculture)
The increasing spread of conservation agriculture demands that the next generation of wheat varieties includes cultivars capable of maintaining satisfactory yields with lower inputs and under uncertain climate scenarios. On the basis of the genetic gains achieved during decades of selection oriented to yield improvements under conventional crop management, it is important that novel breeding targets are defined and addressed. Grain yield, yield-related traits, and phenological and morphological characteristics, as well as functional quality parameters have been analyzed for six varieties each of bread and durum wheat, under minimum tillage and no-tillage. During the three-year experiment, the climatic conditions at the field trial site were characterized by low rainfall, although different degrees of aridity—from moderate to severe—were experienced. Differences were found between these two soil management practices in regard to the varieties’ yield stability. A positive influence of no-tillage on traits related to grain and biomass yield was also evidenced, and some traits among the examined seemed involved in varietal adaptation to a particular non-conventional tillage system. The study also confirmed some breeding targets for improved performance of wheat genotypes in conservation agroecosystems. These traits were represented in the small set of traditional varieties analysed. View Full-Text
Keywords: landraces; yield components; quality parameters; conservation agriculture; soil quality; no-tillage; minimum tillage; drought landraces; yield components; quality parameters; conservation agriculture; soil quality; no-tillage; minimum tillage; drought
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MDPI and ACS Style

Ruiz, M.; Zambrana, E.; Fite, R.; Sole, A.; Tenorio, J.L.; Benavente, E. Yield and Quality Performance of Traditional and Improved Bread and Durum Wheat Varieties under Two Conservation Tillage Systems. Sustainability 2019, 11, 4522. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11174522

AMA Style

Ruiz M, Zambrana E, Fite R, Sole A, Tenorio JL, Benavente E. Yield and Quality Performance of Traditional and Improved Bread and Durum Wheat Varieties under Two Conservation Tillage Systems. Sustainability. 2019; 11(17):4522. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11174522

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ruiz, Magdalena; Zambrana, Encarna; Fite, Rosario; Sole, Aida; Tenorio, Jose L.; Benavente, Elena. 2019. "Yield and Quality Performance of Traditional and Improved Bread and Durum Wheat Varieties under Two Conservation Tillage Systems" Sustainability 11, no. 17: 4522. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11174522

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