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Open AccessArticle

Serological Evidence of Influenza D Virus Circulation Among Cattle and Small Ruminants in France

1
IHAP, Université de Toulouse, ENVT, INRA, UMR 1225, 31076 Toulouse, France
2
Laboratoire Départemental Public du Nord, 59651 Villeneuve-D’ascq, France
3
Laboratoire Vétérinaire Départemental de l’Ariège, 0900 Foix, France
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Laboratoire de l’Environnement et de l’Alimentation, 85021 La Roche-sur-Yon, France
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Aveyron Labo, 12031 Rodez, France
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Laboratoire Départemental de la Côte d’Or, 21017 Dijon, France
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Laboratoire Public Conseil, Expertise et Analyse en Bretagne, 35000 Rennes, France
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Viruses 2019, 11(6), 516; https://doi.org/10.3390/v11060516
Received: 13 May 2019 / Revised: 1 June 2019 / Accepted: 3 June 2019 / Published: 5 June 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Non-A Influenza)
Influenza D virus (IDV) has first been identified in 2011 in the USA and was shown to mainly circulate in cattle. While IDV is associated with mild respiratory signs, its prevalence is still unknown. In the present study we show that IDV has been circulating throughout France in cattle and small ruminants, with 47.2% and 1.5% seropositivity, respectively. The high prevalence and moderate pathogenicity of IDV in cattle suggest that it may play an initiating role in the bovine respiratory disease complex. View Full-Text
Keywords: Influenza D virus; France; cattle; small ruminants; seroprevalence; epidemiology Influenza D virus; France; cattle; small ruminants; seroprevalence; epidemiology
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Oliva, J.; Eichenbaum, A.; Belin, J.; Gaudino, M.; Guillotin, J.; Alzieu, J.-P.; Nicollet, P.; Brugidou, R.; Gueneau, E.; Michel, E.; Meyer, G.; Ducatez, M.F. Serological Evidence of Influenza D Virus Circulation Among Cattle and Small Ruminants in France. Viruses 2019, 11, 516.

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