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Open AccessArticle

Facial Expression Recognition Based on Auxiliary Models

School of Control Science and Engineering, Shandong University, Jinan 250061, China
School of Mechanical, Electrical and Information Engineering, Shandong University, Weihai 264209, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Algorithms 2019, 12(11), 227;
Received: 20 September 2019 / Revised: 24 October 2019 / Accepted: 28 October 2019 / Published: 31 October 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Algorithms for Human-Computer Interaction)
In recent years, with the development of artificial intelligence and human–computer interaction, more attention has been paid to the recognition and analysis of facial expressions. Despite much great success, there are a lot of unsatisfying problems, because facial expressions are subtle and complex. Hence, facial expression recognition is still a challenging problem. In most papers, the entire face image is often chosen as the input information. In our daily life, people can perceive other’s current emotions only by several facial components (such as eye, mouth and nose), and other areas of the face (such as hair, skin tone, ears, etc.) play a smaller role in determining one’s emotion. If the entire face image is used as the only input information, the system will produce some unnecessary information and miss some important information in the process of feature extraction. To solve the above problem, this paper proposes a method that combines multiple sub-regions and the entire face image by weighting, which can capture more important feature information that is conducive to improving the recognition accuracy. Our proposed method was evaluated based on four well-known publicly available facial expression databases: JAFFE, CK+, FER2013 and SFEW. The new method showed better performance than most state-of-the-art methods. View Full-Text
Keywords: expression recognition; human–computer interaction; sub-regions; ensemble expression recognition; human–computer interaction; sub-regions; ensemble
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Wang, Y.; Li, Y.; Song, Y.; Rong, X. Facial Expression Recognition Based on Auxiliary Models. Algorithms 2019, 12, 227.

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