Next Article in Journal
Influence of Layer Thickness, Raster Angle, Deformation Temperature and Recovery Temperature on the Shape-Memory Effect of 3D-Printed Polylactic Acid Samples
Next Article in Special Issue
Recent Progress and Required Developments in Atmospheric Corrosion of Galvanised Steel and Zinc
Previous Article in Journal
The Effect of Hydrogen Bonding in Enhancing the Ionic Affinities of Immobilized Monoprotic Phosphate Ligands
Previous Article in Special Issue
New Insights in the Long-Term Atmospheric Corrosion Mechanisms of Low Alloy Steel Reinforcements of Cultural Heritage Buildings
Article Menu
Issue 8 (August) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Materials 2017, 10(8), 969; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma10080969

ICP Materials Trends in Corrosion, Soiling and Air Pollution (1987–2014)

1
Swerea KIMAB, Dept Corrosion, 164 07 Kista, Sweden
2
Svuom Ltd., 17000 Prague, Czech Republic
3
Empa, Materials Science and Technology, 8600 Dübendorf, Switzerland
4
CENIM—National Centre for Metallurgical Research, 28040 Madrid, Spain
5
BRE—Building Research Establishment Ltd., Watford WD25 9XX, UK
6
LISA (Laboratoire Interuniversitaire des Systèmes Atmosphériques), UMR 7583 CNRS/UPEC/UPD, 94010 Creteil, France
7
NILU—Norwegian Institute for Air Research, 2027 Kjeller, Norway
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 14 July 2017 / Revised: 16 August 2017 / Accepted: 18 August 2017 / Published: 19 August 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Fundamental and Research Frontier of Atmospheric Corrosion)

Abstract

Results from the international cooperative programme on effects on materials including historic and cultural monuments are presented from the period 1987–2014 and include pollution data (SO2, NO2, O3, HNO3 and PM10), corrosion data (carbon steel, weathering steel, zinc, copper, aluminium and limestone) and data on the soiling of modern glass for nineteen industrial, urban and rural test sites in Europe. Both one-year and four-year corrosion data are presented. Corrosion and pollution have decreased significantly and a shift in the magnitude is generally observed around 1997: from a sharp decrease to a more modest decrease or to a constant level without any decrease. SO2 levels, carbon steel and copper corrosion have decreased even after 1997, which is more pronounced in urban areas, while corrosion of the other materials shows no decrease after 1997, when looking at one-year values. When looking at four-year values, however, there is a significant decrease after 1997 for zinc, which is not evident when looking at the one-year values. This paper also presents results on corrosion kinetics by comparison of one- and four-year values. For carbon steel and copper, kinetics is relatively independent of sites while other materials, especially zinc, show substantial variation in kinetics for the first four years, which needs to be considered when producing new and possibly improved models for corrosion. View Full-Text
Keywords: atmospheric corrosion; soiling; pollution; carbon steel; weathering steel; zinc; copper; aluminium; limestone; glass atmospheric corrosion; soiling; pollution; carbon steel; weathering steel; zinc; copper; aluminium; limestone; glass
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

Supplementary materials

SciFeed

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Tidblad, J.; Kreislová, K.; Faller, M.; de la Fuente, D.; Yates, T.; Verney-Carron, A.; Grøntoft, T.; Gordon, A.; Hans, U. ICP Materials Trends in Corrosion, Soiling and Air Pollution (1987–2014). Materials 2017, 10, 969.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Materials EISSN 1996-1944 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top