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Materials 2017, 10(8), 970; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma10080970

Influence of Layer Thickness, Raster Angle, Deformation Temperature and Recovery Temperature on the Shape-Memory Effect of 3D-Printed Polylactic Acid Samples

School of Mechanical Science and Engineering, Jilin University, Renmin Street 5988, Changchun 130025, China
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Received: 24 July 2017 / Revised: 11 August 2017 / Accepted: 16 August 2017 / Published: 19 August 2017
(This article belongs to the Section Manufacturing Processes and Systems)
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Abstract

The success of the 3D-printing process depends upon the proper selection of process parameters. However, the majority of current related studies focus on the influence of process parameters on the mechanical properties of the parts. The influence of process parameters on the shape-memory effect has been little studied. This study used the orthogonal experimental design method to evaluate the influence of the layer thickness H, raster angle θ, deformation temperature Td and recovery temperature Tr on the shape-recovery ratio Rr and maximum shape-recovery rate Vm of 3D-printed polylactic acid (PLA). The order and contribution of every experimental factor on the target index were determined by range analysis and ANOVA, respectively. The experimental results indicated that the recovery temperature exerted the greatest effect with a variance ratio of 416.10, whereas the layer thickness exerted the smallest effect on the shape-recovery ratio with a variance ratio of 4.902. The recovery temperature exerted the most significant effect on the maximum shape-recovery rate with the highest variance ratio of 1049.50, whereas the raster angle exerted the minimum effect with a variance ratio of 27.163. The results showed that the shape-memory effect of 3D-printed PLA parts depended strongly on recovery temperature, and depended more weakly on the deformation temperature and 3D-printing parameters. View Full-Text
Keywords: 3D printing; shape-memory effect; polylactic acid; orthogonal experiment 3D printing; shape-memory effect; polylactic acid; orthogonal experiment
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Wu, W.; Ye, W.; Wu, Z.; Geng, P.; Wang, Y.; Zhao, J. Influence of Layer Thickness, Raster Angle, Deformation Temperature and Recovery Temperature on the Shape-Memory Effect of 3D-Printed Polylactic Acid Samples. Materials 2017, 10, 970.

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