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Article

A Lightweight Secure and Energy-Efficient Fog-Based Routing Protocol for Constraint Sensors Network

1
Department of Computer Science, Islamia College Peshawar, Peshawar 25000, Pakistan
2
College of Computer Science, Princes Sultan University, Riyadh 11586, Saudi Arabia
3
Information Systems Department, College of Computer Engineering and Sciences, Prince Sattam Bin Abdulaziz University, Al Khraj 11942, Saudi Arabia
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Energies 2021, 14(1), 89; https://doi.org/10.3390/en14010089
Received: 10 December 2020 / Revised: 17 December 2020 / Accepted: 22 December 2020 / Published: 26 December 2020
The Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) has seen rapid growth in the development of real-time applications due to its ease of management and cost-effective attributes. However, the balance between optimization of network lifetime and load distribution between sensor nodes is a critical matter for the development of energy-efficient routing solutions. Recently, many solutions have been proposed for constraint-based networks using the cloud paradigm. However, they achieve network scalability with the additional cost of routing overheads and network latency. Moreover, the sensors’ data is transmitted towards application users over the uncertain medium, which leads to compromised data security and its integrity. Therefore, this work proposes a light-weight secure and energy-efficient fog-based routing (SEFR) protocol to minimize data latency and increase energy management. It exploits the Quality of Service (QoS) factors and facilitates time-sensitive applications with network edges. Moreover, the proposed protocol protects real-time data based on two levels of cryptographic security primitives. In the first level, a lightweight data confidentiality scheme is proposed between the cluster heads and fog nodes, and in the second level, a high-performance asymmetric encryption scheme is proposed among fog and cloud layers. The analysis of simulation-based experiments has proven the significant outcomes of the proposed protocol compared to existing solutions in terms of routing, security, and network management. View Full-Text
Keywords: energy efficiency; information security; Internet of Things; cryptanalysis; lightweight routing; wireless sensor networks energy efficiency; information security; Internet of Things; cryptanalysis; lightweight routing; wireless sensor networks
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MDPI and ACS Style

Haseeb, K.; Islam, N.; Javed, Y.; Tariq, U. A Lightweight Secure and Energy-Efficient Fog-Based Routing Protocol for Constraint Sensors Network. Energies 2021, 14, 89. https://doi.org/10.3390/en14010089

AMA Style

Haseeb K, Islam N, Javed Y, Tariq U. A Lightweight Secure and Energy-Efficient Fog-Based Routing Protocol for Constraint Sensors Network. Energies. 2021; 14(1):89. https://doi.org/10.3390/en14010089

Chicago/Turabian Style

Haseeb, Khalid, Naveed Islam, Yasir Javed, and Usman Tariq. 2021. "A Lightweight Secure and Energy-Efficient Fog-Based Routing Protocol for Constraint Sensors Network" Energies 14, no. 1: 89. https://doi.org/10.3390/en14010089

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