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Mental Illness and Juvenile Offenders

School of Psychology and Counseling, Regent University, Virginia Beach, VA 23464, USA
Youth Development Institute, New York, NY 10013, USA
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Deborah Shelton
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13(2), 228;
Received: 3 December 2015 / Revised: 29 January 2016 / Accepted: 8 February 2016 / Published: 18 February 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Correctional Health)
PDF [288 KB, uploaded 19 February 2016]


Within the past decade, reliance on the juvenile justice system to meet the needs of juvenile offenders with mental health concerns has increased. Due to this tendency, research has been conducted on the effectiveness of various intervention and treatment programs/approaches with varied success. Recent literature suggests that because of interrelated problems involved for youth in the juvenile justice system with mental health issues, a dynamic system of care that extends beyond mere treatment within the juvenile justice system is the most promising. The authors provide a brief overview of the extent to which delinquency and mental illness co-occur; why treatment for these individuals requires a system of care; intervention models; and the juvenile justice systems role in providing mental health services to delinquent youth. Current and future advancements and implications for practitioners are provided. View Full-Text
Keywords: juvenile justice; adolescent; mental illness; treatment programs juvenile justice; adolescent; mental illness; treatment programs
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Underwood, L.A.; Washington, A. Mental Illness and Juvenile Offenders. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13, 228.

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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health EISSN 1660-4601 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
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