Molecular Application of Aptamers in the Diagnosis and Treatment of Cancer and Communicable Diseases
AbstractCancer and infectious diseases such as Ebola, HIV, tuberculosis, Zika, hepatitis, measles and human schistosomiasis are serious global health hazards. The increasing annual morbidities and mortalities of these diseases have been blamed on drug resistance and the inefficacy of available diagnostic tools, particularly those which are immunologically-based. Antibody-based tools rely solely on antibody production for diagnosis and for this reason they are the major cause of diagnostic delays. Unfortunately, the control of these diseases depends on early detection and administration of effective treatment therefore any diagnostic delay is a huge challenge to curbing these diseases. Hence, there is a need for alternative diagnostic tools, discovery and development of novel therapeutic agents. Studies have demonstrated that aptamers could potentially offer one of the best solutions to these problems. Aptamers are short sequences of either DNA or RNA molecules, which are identified in vitro through a SELEX process. They are sensitive and bind specifically to target molecules. Their promising features suggest they may serve as better diagnostic agents and can be used as drug carriers for therapeutic purposes. In this article, we review the applications of aptamers in the theranostics of cancer and some infectious diseases. View Full-Text
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Molefe, P.F.; Masamba, P.; Oyinloye, B.E.; Mbatha, L.S.; Meyer, M.; Kappo, A.P. Molecular Application of Aptamers in the Diagnosis and Treatment of Cancer and Communicable Diseases. Pharmaceuticals 2018, 11, 93.
Molefe PF, Masamba P, Oyinloye BE, Mbatha LS, Meyer M, Kappo AP. Molecular Application of Aptamers in the Diagnosis and Treatment of Cancer and Communicable Diseases. Pharmaceuticals. 2018; 11(4):93.Chicago/Turabian Style
Molefe, Philisiwe F.; Masamba, Priscilla; Oyinloye, Babatunji E.; Mbatha, Londiwe S.; Meyer, Mervin; Kappo, Abidemi P. 2018. "Molecular Application of Aptamers in the Diagnosis and Treatment of Cancer and Communicable Diseases." Pharmaceuticals 11, no. 4: 93.
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