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Dactylogyrids (Platyhelminthes: Monogenoidea) Infecting the Gill Lamellae of Flatheads (Scorpaeniformes: Platycephalidae), with Proposal of Platycephalotrema n. gen. and Descriptions of New Species from Australia and Japan

1
Health Education Program, School of Health Professions, Campus Box 8090, Idaho State University, Pocatello, ID 83209, USA
2
Graduate School of Science, Kobe University, 1-1 Rokkodai-chō, Nada, Kōbe 657-8501, Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Diversity 2019, 11(8), 132; https://doi.org/10.3390/d11080132
Received: 9 July 2019 / Revised: 6 August 2019 / Accepted: 7 August 2019 / Published: 12 August 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Taxonomy and Diversity of Aquaculture and Fisheries Parasites)
Platycephalotrema n. gen. (Dactylogyridae) is proposed for four new species and 5 previously described species parasitizing the gills of flatheads (Scorpaeniformes: Platycephalidae) as follows: Platycephalotrema ogawai n. sp. (type species) from Platycephalus sp. 1 (type host) and Platycephalus sp. 2, both of Nakabo & Kai (2013) (locally known as “Yoshino-gochi” and “Ma-gochi,” respectively) (Japan); Platycephalotrema austrinum n. sp. from Platycephalus endrachtensis Quoy & Gaimard (type host) and Platycephalus sp. (Australia); Platycephalotrema bassensis (Hughes, 1928) n. comb. from Platycephalus bassensis Cuvier (Australia); Platycephalotrema koppa n. sp. from Platycephalus fuscus Cuvier (Australia); Platycephalotrema macassarensis (Yamaguti, 1963) n. comb. from Platycephalus indicus (Linnaeus) (China, Macassar); Platycephalotrema mastix n. sp. from P. fuscus and P. endrachtensis (Australia); Platycephalotrema platycephali (Yin & Sproston, 1948) n. comb. from P. indicus (China) and P. fuscus (Australia); Platycephalotrema sinensis (Yamaguti, 1963) n. comb. from Cociella punctata (Cuvier) (China); Platycephalotrema thysanophrydis (Yamaguti, 1937) n. comb. from Inegocia japonica (Cuvier), Inegocia ochiaii Imamura, and Cociella crocodilus (Cuvier) (Japan, China). Other species requiring further study but potentially members of Platycephalotrema include Ancyrocephalus vesiculosus Murray, 1931, Haliotrema indicum Tripathi, 1957, Haliotrema swatowensis Yao, Wang, Xia, & Chen, 1998, and Haliotrema pteroisi Paperna, 1972. The primary features differentiating Platycephalotrema include species having: (1) tandem gonads (testis postgermarial); (2) two prostatic reservoirs, each emptying independently into the base of the male copulatory organ; (3) a dextral vaginal pore and large vaginal vestibule; (4) dorsal and ventral pairs of morphologically similar anchors; (5) a ventral bar with spatulate ends; (6) a dorsal bar with bifurcated ends, and (7) absence of an accessory piece. The new species are described, and P. thysanophrydis is redescribed based on newly collected and museum specimens. View Full-Text
Keywords: parasites; Platyhelminthes; Monogenoidea; Dactylogyridae; Platycephalotrema n. gen.; flathead; Platycephalus; Scorpaeniformes; Platycephalidae parasites; Platyhelminthes; Monogenoidea; Dactylogyridae; Platycephalotrema n. gen.; flathead; Platycephalus; Scorpaeniformes; Platycephalidae
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Kritsky, D.C.; Nitta, M. Dactylogyrids (Platyhelminthes: Monogenoidea) Infecting the Gill Lamellae of Flatheads (Scorpaeniformes: Platycephalidae), with Proposal of Platycephalotrema n. gen. and Descriptions of New Species from Australia and Japan. Diversity 2019, 11, 132.

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