Melatonin Analogue Antiproliferative and Cytotoxic Effects on Human Prostate Cancer Cells
AbstractMelatonin has been indicated as a possible oncostatic agent in different types of cancer, its antiproliferative role being demonstrated in several in vitro and in vivo experimental models of tumors. Specifically, melatonin was proven to inhibit cell growth of both androgen-dependent and independent prostate cancer cells, through various mechanisms. A number of melatonin derivatives have been developed and tested for their role in the prevention and treatment of neoplastic diseases. We recently proved the in vitro and in vivo anticancer activity of UCM 1037, a newly-synthetized melatonin analogue, on melanoma and breast cancer cells. In this study we evaluated UCM 1037 effects on cell proliferation, cell cycle distribution, and cytotoxicity in LNCaP, PC3, DU145, and 22Rv1 prostate cancer cells. We demonstrated significant dose- and time-dependent UCM 1037 antiproliferative effects in androgen-sensitive LNCaP and 22Rv1 cells. Data from flow cytometric studies suggest that UCM 1037 is highly cytotoxic in androgen-sensitive prostate cancer cells, although no substantial increase in the apoptotic cell fraction has been observed. UCM 1037 cytotoxic effects were much less evident in androgen-insensitive PC3 and DU145 cells. Experiments performed to gain insights into the possible mechanism of action of the melatonin derivative revealed that UCM 1037 down-regulates androgen receptor levels and Akt activation in LNCaP and 22Rv1 cells. View Full-Text
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Calastretti, A.; Gatti, G.; Lucini, V.; Dugnani, S.; Canti, G.; Scaglione, F.; Bevilacqua, A. Melatonin Analogue Antiproliferative and Cytotoxic Effects on Human Prostate Cancer Cells. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2018, 19, 1505.
Calastretti A, Gatti G, Lucini V, Dugnani S, Canti G, Scaglione F, Bevilacqua A. Melatonin Analogue Antiproliferative and Cytotoxic Effects on Human Prostate Cancer Cells. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2018; 19(5):1505.Chicago/Turabian Style
Calastretti, Angela; Gatti, Giuliana; Lucini, Valeria; Dugnani, Silvana; Canti, Gianfranco; Scaglione, Francesco; Bevilacqua, Annamaria. 2018. "Melatonin Analogue Antiproliferative and Cytotoxic Effects on Human Prostate Cancer Cells." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 19, no. 5: 1505.
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