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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2018, 19(5), 1506;

Pharmacological Strategies for Manipulating Plant Ca2+ Signalling

Department of Plant Biotechnology and Bioinformatics, Ghent University, Technologiepark 927, 9052 Ghent, Belgium
VIB Center for Plant Systems Biology, VIB, Technologiepark 927, 9052 Ghent, Belgium
Department of Biosciences, University of Milan, 20133 Milan, Italy
Instititute of Biophysics, Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, 20133 Milan, Italy
Lab of Plant Growth Analysis, Ghent University Global Campus, Songdomunhwa-Ro, 119, Yeonsu-gu, Incheon 21985, Korea
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 27 April 2018 / Revised: 10 May 2018 / Accepted: 12 May 2018 / Published: 18 May 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Calcium Signals in Plant Cells)
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Calcium is one of the most pleiotropic second messengers in all living organisms. However, signalling specificity is encoded via spatio-temporally regulated signatures that act with surgical precision to elicit highly specific cellular responses. How this is brought about remains a big challenge in the plant field, in part due to a lack of specific tools to manipulate/interrogate the plant Ca2+ toolkit. In many cases, researchers resort to tools that were optimized in animal cells. However, the obviously large evolutionary distance between plants and animals implies that there is a good chance observed effects may not be specific to the intended plant target. Here, we provide an overview of pharmacological strategies that are commonly used to activate or inhibit plant Ca2+ signalling. We focus on highlighting modes of action where possible, and warn for potential pitfalls. Together, this review aims at guiding plant researchers through the Ca2+ pharmacology swamp. View Full-Text
Keywords: calcium; Ca2+ channel; Ca2+ ATPase; calmodulin; Ca2+ chelator; Ca2+ ionophore calcium; Ca2+ channel; Ca2+ ATPase; calmodulin; Ca2+ chelator; Ca2+ ionophore
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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De Vriese, K.; Costa, A.; Beeckman, T.; Vanneste, S. Pharmacological Strategies for Manipulating Plant Ca2+ Signalling. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2018, 19, 1506.

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