In Vitro Propagation and Variation of Antioxidant Properties in Micropropagated Vaccinium Berry Plants—A Review
St. John’s Research and Development Centre, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, St. John’s, Bldg. 25, 308 Brookfield Road, St. John’s, NL A1E 0B2, Canada
Department of Biology, Memorial University of Newfoundland, 232 Elizabeth Avenue, St. John’s, NL A1B 3X9, Canada
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Diego A. Moreno and Débora Villaño
Molecules 2020, 25(4), 788; https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules25040788 (registering DOI)
Received: 17 December 2019 / Revised: 2 February 2020 / Accepted: 10 February 2020 / Published: 12 February 2020
The berry crops in genus Vacciniun L. are the richest sources of antioxidant metabolites which have high potential to reduce the incidence of several degenerative diseases. In vitro propagation or micropropagation has been attractive to researchers for its incredible potential for mass production of a selected genotype in a short time, all year round. Propagation techniques affect the antioxidant activity in fruits and leaves. Total antioxidant activity was higher in the fruit of in vitro propagated plants compare to the plants grown ex vivo. This review provides critical information for better understanding the micropropagation and conventional propagation methods, and their effects on antioxidant properties and morphological differentiation in Vaccinium species, and fills an existing gap in the literature.
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