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Open AccessArticle

Chemical Compositions and Mosquito Larvicidal Activities of Essential Oils from Piper Species Growing Wild in Central Vietnam

1
School of Natural Science Education, Vinh University, 182 Le Duan, Vinh City 43000, Vietnam
2
Center for Advanced Chemistry, Institute of Research and Development, Duy Tan University, 03 Quang Trung, Da Nang 50000, Vietnam
3
Faculty of Agriculture, Forestry and Fishery, Nghe An Economics University, Vinh City 43000, Vietnam
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Department of Pharmacy, Duy Tan University, 03-Quang Trung, Da Nang 50000, Vietnam
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Faculty of Hydrometerology, Ho Chi Minh City University of Natural Resources and Environment, Ho Chi Minh City 70000, Vietnam
6
Aromatic Plant Research Center, 230 N 1200 E, Suite 100, Lehi, UT 84043, USA
7
Department of Chemistry, University of Alabama in Huntsville, Huntsville, AL 35899, USA
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Josphat Matasyoh
Molecules 2019, 24(21), 3871; https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules24213871
Received: 8 October 2019 / Revised: 23 October 2019 / Accepted: 24 October 2019 / Published: 27 October 2019
Mosquitoes are the deadliest animals on earth and are the vectors of several neglected tropical diseases. Recently, essential oils have emerged as potential renewable, cost-effective, and environmentally benign alternatives to synthetic pesticides for control of mosquitoes. In this work, thirteen species of Piper were collected from different areas of central Vietnam. The essential oils were obtained by hydrodistillation and analyzed by gas chromatography–mass spectrometry. The essential oils were screened for mosquito larvicidal activity against Aedes aegypti. Four of the Piper essential oils showed outstanding larvicidal activity against Ae. aegypti, namely P. caninum, P. longum, P. montium, and P. mutabile, with LC50 and LC90 values less than 10 µg/mL. Multivariate analysis has correlated concentrations of β-caryophyllene, β-bisabolene, α-pinene, and β-pinene with mosquito larvicidal activity. View Full-Text
Keywords: piperaceae; mosquito-borne diseases; natural pest control piperaceae; mosquito-borne diseases; natural pest control
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MDPI and ACS Style

Huong, L.T.; Hung, N.H.; Dai, D.N.; Tai, T.A.; Hien, V.T.; Satyal, P.; Setzer, W.N. Chemical Compositions and Mosquito Larvicidal Activities of Essential Oils from Piper Species Growing Wild in Central Vietnam. Molecules 2019, 24, 3871.

AMA Style

Huong LT, Hung NH, Dai DN, Tai TA, Hien VT, Satyal P, Setzer WN. Chemical Compositions and Mosquito Larvicidal Activities of Essential Oils from Piper Species Growing Wild in Central Vietnam. Molecules. 2019; 24(21):3871.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Huong, Le T.; Hung, Nguyen H.; Dai, Do N.; Tai, Thieu A.; Hien, Vu T.; Satyal, Prabodh; Setzer, William N. 2019. "Chemical Compositions and Mosquito Larvicidal Activities of Essential Oils from Piper Species Growing Wild in Central Vietnam" Molecules 24, no. 21: 3871.

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