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Molecules 2018, 23(9), 2311; https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules23092311

Application of Plant Viruses as a Biotemplate for Nanomaterial Fabrication

1,2,* , 1
,
1
,
1,2
and
1,2
1
College of Chemical Engineering, Jiangsu Provincial Key Lab for the Chemistry and Utilization of Agro-Forest Biomass, Nanjing Forestry University, Nanjing 210037, China
2
Jiangsu Co-Innovation Center of Efficient Processing and Utilization of Forest Resources, Nanjing Forestry University, Nanjing 210037, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 31 July 2018 / Revised: 1 September 2018 / Accepted: 4 September 2018 / Published: 11 September 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Biogenic Nanomaterials: Versatility and Applications)
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Abstract

Viruses are widely used to fabricate nanomaterials in the field of nanotechnology. Plant viruses are of great interest to the nanotechnology field because of their symmetry, polyvalency, homogeneous size distribution, and ability to self-assemble. This homogeneity can be used to obtain the high uniformity of the templated material and its related properties. In this paper, the variety of nanomaterials generated in rod-like and spherical plant viruses is highlighted for the cowpea chlorotic mottle virus (CCMV), cowpea mosaic virus (CPMV), brome mosaic virus (BMV), and tobacco mosaic virus (TMV). Their recent studies on developing nanomaterials in a wide range of applications from biomedicine and catalysts to biosensors are reviewed. View Full-Text
Keywords: nanotechnology; plant virus; biotemplate; plant virus nanoparticles; nanomaterials nanotechnology; plant virus; biotemplate; plant virus nanoparticles; nanomaterials
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Zhang, Y.; Dong, Y.; Zhou, J.; Li, X.; Wang, F. Application of Plant Viruses as a Biotemplate for Nanomaterial Fabrication. Molecules 2018, 23, 2311.

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