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Molecules 2018, 23(8), 1868; https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules23081868

Exogenous Melatonin Improves Fruit Quality Features, Health Promoting Antioxidant Compounds and Yield Traits in Tomato Fruits under Acid Rain Stress

1
College of Horticulture, Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University, Fuzhou 350002, China
2
Department of Horticulture, Sylhet Agricultural University, Sylhet 3100, Bangladesh
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 9 July 2018 / Revised: 20 July 2018 / Accepted: 23 July 2018 / Published: 26 July 2018
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Abstract

Acid rain is a serious worldwide environmental problem which reduces the growth and yield of crops. Melatonin, as a pleiotropic molecule has been known to improve stress tolerance by limiting the oxidative damage of plants exposed to adverse environments. However, the role of exogenous melatonin particularly on the yield and antioxidant compounds in tomato fruits under abiotic stress condition remains inexpressible. This observation aims to identify the influence of melatonin treatment under simulated acid rain (SAR) condition on fruit qualities, phenolics, flavonoids, and carotenoids concentration in fruits, and yield of tomatoes. Our study results showed that the fruits of SAR-stressed plants had higher quality traits and antioxidant bioactive compounds by increasing antioxidant activities against SAR-induced oxidative stress compared with fruits of control plants. Nonetheless, these improvements to antioxidant activities in fruits under SAR-condition remained unable to prevent the reduction of the yield. However, SAR-stressed plants treated by melatonin exhibited upgradation on the fruit quality traits, antioxidant compounds and yield attributes through accelerating oxidant-scavenging antioxidant actions in fruits compared with fruits of SAR-stressed plants. Meanwhile, our results suggest that exogenous melatonin plays an important role in improvement of bioactive compounds and yield traits in tomato fruits through regulating antioxidant system. View Full-Text
Keywords: simulated acid rain; melatonin; bioactive compounds; antioxidants; Solanum lycopersicum L. simulated acid rain; melatonin; bioactive compounds; antioxidants; Solanum lycopersicum L.
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Debnath, B.; Hussain, M.; Li, M.; Lu, X.; Sun, Y.; Qiu, D. Exogenous Melatonin Improves Fruit Quality Features, Health Promoting Antioxidant Compounds and Yield Traits in Tomato Fruits under Acid Rain Stress. Molecules 2018, 23, 1868.

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