Special Issue "Measurements and Instrumentation in Hydraulic Engineering"
Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (31 October 2021).
Interests: sediment transport dynamics; monitoring environmental flows; geomorphic processes and instrumentation
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Special Issue in CivilEng: Next Generation Infrastructure
Interests: hydro-acoustics monitoring in riverine and coastal environments, experimental hydraulics, fluvial sediment transport processes
Interests: fluvial, estuarine and coastal processes, flow and sediment transport measurements and instrumentation
Advances in hardware and software, as well as conceptual advances, have widened the range of tools and methods available to measure key flow variables in fluvial and other natural or built environments. Nowadays, a range of lasers (3D LDV, stereo-PIV), acoustics (ADV, ADCP, ABS) and ultrasonics (UVP) are typically deployed towards obtaining flow field variables, at an unprecedented spatiotemporal resolution, expanding the range of scales and applications, driving our understanding of fundamental dynamical flow and transport processes as well as leading to improved engineering designs. For instance, geomorphology and environmental hydraulics researchers, as well as engineering practitioners, customarily deploy established velocimetry methods such as ADV or PIV to retrieve all three components of the velocity field at a high space and time resolution. Optical flow methods are increasingly used by industrial flow communities along with LDA/LDV and ultrasound velocimetry. Acoustic techniques (such as UVP or ADCP) enable the investigation of velocity fields along with sediment transport in harsh conditions, especially where turbidity may hinder optical-laser penetration. The domain of application continues to expand from the micro-scale (e.g., eco-biological and industrial applications in the field of micro-fluidics) to river reach scales and coastal areas (in the case of planar LSPIV and ADCP-ABS). Pressure can be derived from time-resolved 3D PIV while data assimilation techniques allow for hybrid experimental-numerical flow descriptions with higher temporal or spatial resolutions. Laser-based methods can be used to reconstruct detailed bed surface morphologies, while advances in photogrammetry and 3D scanning enable the reconstruction of detailed bathymetries of channels and free-surface profiles. In addition, stone tracing (RFID), particle instrumentation (MEMS) and optical methods (PTV, LSPIV which can also be drone-enabled), allow from directly assessing particle transport rate and identifying its dynamics, to indirectly measuring flow field quantities.
This Special Issue invites contributions that deal with novel aspects of flow and sediment transport monitoring and instrumentation across environments and scales and is promoted by the IAHR committee on Experimental Methods and Instrumentation.
Dr. Manousos Valyrakis
Dr. Massimo Guerrero
Dr. Rui M. L. Ferreira
Dr. Katinka Koll
Manuscript Submission Information
Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.
Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Water is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.
Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2000 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.
- Particle image velocimetry
- Optical/video particle tracking
- Particle tracking velocimetry
- Laser Doppler Anemometry
- Laser scanning
- Ultrasound/ultrasonic velocimetry
- Current profiling
- Lagrangian drifters
- Micro-electromechanical sensors
- RFID stone tracing