New Methodologies and Practical Solutions to Face Sanitary and Environmental Issues Related to Human Cycle of Water

A special issue of Water (ISSN 2073-4441). This special issue belongs to the section "New Sensors, New Technologies and Machine Learning in Water Sciences".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (10 September 2023) | Viewed by 7642

Special Issue Editors


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Guest Editor
Department of Engineering, University of Campania L. Vanvitelli, Caserta, Italy
Interests: water treatment; wastewater treatment; solid waste treatment; soil remediation; biofuel production; biopolimers production; biological process; microalgae cultivation; mathematical modelling
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals

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Guest Editor
Hydraulic Engineering, Department of Engineering, Università della Campania, Aversa, Italy
Interests: sewer hydraulics; water supply systems; urban hydraulics; supercritical open channel flows; river training techniques; fluvial hydraulics and river engineering; flood risk assessment and mitigation
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals

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Department of Engineering, Università degli Studi della Campania “L. Vanvitelli”, Aversa, Italy
Interests: urban flooding; flood hazard and risk assessment; hydrological and hydraulic modelling; sustainable urban drainage systems; low-impact development pratictices; wastewater hydraulics; hydraulic structures
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Climate changes and worldwide demographic growth are the main factors responsible for increasing the water demand as well as worsening the quality of natural water resources. Advanced models and methods including remote sensing technologies, IoT techniques, green infrastructures for stormwater management, new monitoring systems, early warning models will be valuable tools to face the future challenges deriving from a sustainable management of water resources. At this regard, this special Issue seeks research papers proposing new efficient methodologies and practical solutions aimed at solving problems affecting any of the segments composing the human water cycle: water supply/treatment/distribution as well as wastewater drainage/treatment/ processes.

Climate change effects, water quality control and monitoring, physical and numerical modelling, environmental risk assessment and management, green technologies, biological processes, advanced water and wastewater treatments, wastewater based epidemiology methodology, sustainability and environmental policies are the main common factors that characterize the manuscripts published on this special issue.

Prof. Dr. Antonio Panico
Prof. Dr. Corrado Gisonni
Dr. Gaetano Crispino
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All submissions that pass pre-check are peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Water is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2600 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

Water supply category
  • recycled water
  • reused water
  • sustainable water supply
  • water footprint
  • leakage
  • energy-saving
  • DMA
Urban drainage category
  • urban drainage system
  • green infrastructure
  • SUDS
  • urban flooding
  • real-time control
  • monitoring
  • artificial Neural Network
  • smart city
  • WBE (wastewater based epidemiology)
Wastewater category
  • wastewater treatment
  • wastewater management
  • asm models
  • advanced biological systems
  • nutrients removal
  • emerging contaminants
  • sewage sludge
  • wastewater reclamation
  • biogas production
  • greenhouse gas control

Published Papers (4 papers)

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Research

9 pages, 1531 KiB  
Communication
Methodological Approach for an Online Water Quality Monitoring System in an Iron Ore Tailing Dam
by Renato Oliveira da Silva Júnior, Helena Pereira Almeida, Marcio Sousa da Silva, Adriano Cuenya França, Eduardo Balleroni, Nailson dos Santos, Paulo Henrique Vilela, Adayana Maria Queiroz de Melo and José Tasso Felix Guimarães
Water 2023, 15(20), 3663; https://doi.org/10.3390/w15203663 - 19 Oct 2023
Viewed by 957
Abstract
Monitoring the concentration of potentially toxic elements (PTEs) in the aquatic ecosystems of the Amazon is critical to guarantee the maintenance of the ecological balance and the life quality of human populations that reside in or use these environments for survival. In this [...] Read more.
Monitoring the concentration of potentially toxic elements (PTEs) in the aquatic ecosystems of the Amazon is critical to guarantee the maintenance of the ecological balance and the life quality of human populations that reside in or use these environments for survival. In this sense, many rivers in the region are dammed to form lakes for depositing mining tailings. Among these, the Gelado Project has the largest iron ore dam in the Amazon that occupies about 13.5 km2 of surface area with 142 million m3 of water and tailings volume, which are currently being mined for exploration, and its upstream waters and downstream are historically used by traditional populations. Based on this, to monitor the impacts of this activity, an online system for sampling and automatic analysis of water quality, composed of three process analyzers monitoring more than 20 parameters, including the PTEs (Cd, Pb, Fe, Mn, Ni, and Cu), was installed downstream of this dam. Therefore, this short communication describes this system’s development, installation, operation, and main advantage over conventional methods. Full article
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16 pages, 704 KiB  
Article
Investigation of the Hydroelectric Development Potential of Nonpowered Dams: A Case Study of the Buyuk Menderes River Basin
by Quentin Adjetey Okang, Tor Haakon Bakken and Aslı Bor
Water 2023, 15(4), 717; https://doi.org/10.3390/w15040717 - 11 Feb 2023
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 1757
Abstract
The adaptation of nonpowered dams (NPDs) to dams with hydroelectric generation units requires only minor interventions compared with the construction of a completely new dam and power plant. Thus, it is both more economical and has a minimal environmental impact, especially during construction. [...] Read more.
The adaptation of nonpowered dams (NPDs) to dams with hydroelectric generation units requires only minor interventions compared with the construction of a completely new dam and power plant. Thus, it is both more economical and has a minimal environmental impact, especially during construction. The aim of this study was to determine the environmental, technical, and economic feasibility of hydroelectric retrofitting projects in the Büyük Menderes basin in Turkey. For this purpose, the economic feasibility and retrofitting potential of 11 NPDs in the basin were investigated using Water Evaluation and Planning (WEAP) software. The results from the energy simulation revealed that the annual average hydropower generation potential and installed capacity for the selected 11 NPDs are 38.7 GWh/year and 4.4 MW, respectively. The total estimated capital investment cost of the 11 retrofit projects was found to be $7.9 million with a total NPV of $25.6 million. In addition, in this study, the leveled electricity cost for each retrofitting project was established and compared with the LCOE values of other renewable energy sources. The findings show that retrofitting NPDs may represent an as yet untapped opportunity to support the global energy transition by providing a cheaper and more environmentally friendly option to pioneer rural electrification. Full article
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16 pages, 3934 KiB  
Article
Effect of Static Magnetic Fields on the Composition of Marine Biofouling in Seawater Transportation Pipelines
by Carol Ostojic, Génesis Serrano, Pablo Ferrada, Mauricio Escalona, Victor Jiménez, María Teresa González, Alejandro Maureira, Antonio Panico, Manuel Zapata and Mariella Rivas
Water 2022, 14(21), 3362; https://doi.org/10.3390/w14213362 - 23 Oct 2022
Viewed by 1853
Abstract
The use of seawater for mining purposes in Chile has progressively increased in recent years as fast as the interest on the negative effects of biofouling on the inner part of pipelines used to transport seawater. To prevent biofouling, chemical antifouling compounds are [...] Read more.
The use of seawater for mining purposes in Chile has progressively increased in recent years as fast as the interest on the negative effects of biofouling on the inner part of pipelines used to transport seawater. To prevent biofouling, chemical antifouling compounds are traditionally used, thus, causing negative environmental impacts. The aim of this research has, therefore, been to evaluate the efficiency of static magnetic fields (SMF) generators to mitigate the biofouling. Hence, experimental activities have been conducted on high density polyethylene (HDPE) pipes equipped with neodymium magnets during two experimental periods in the year of 2019, i.e., autumn–winter (A–W) and spring–summer (S–S), and under two types of SMF, i.e., continuous-type (PCS) and pulse-type (PPS). Physicochemical parameters and cell viability of microorganisms composing the biofilm were investigated. Metagenomic analyses on biofilm were conducted as well. The results showed that the cell viability was the highest, i.e., 757,780 cells/cm2, during S–S and the lowest, i.e., 349,151 cells/cm2, in A–W, both under PCS. In S–S, as well as A–W, biofilm was characterized for the most abundant eukaryotic operational taxonomic units (OTUs) under PPS conditions. The presence of OTUs, such as Articiflavibacter spp., Chaetonotida spp. and Desmodorida spp., was observed only from SMF tests. Full article
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21 pages, 5080 KiB  
Article
The Adsorptive Removal of Bengal Rose by Artichoke Leaves: Optimization by Full Factorials Design
by Amel Khalfaoui, Mohamed Nadir Khelifi, Anouar Khelfaoui, Abderrezzaq Benalia, Kerroum Derbal, Corrado Gisonni, Gaetano Crispino and Antonio Panico
Water 2022, 14(14), 2251; https://doi.org/10.3390/w14142251 - 18 Jul 2022
Cited by 8 | Viewed by 2108
Abstract
Currently, the dye industry is increasing its production as a consequence of the growing need for their products in different manufacturing sectors, such as textiles, plastics, food, paper, etc... Thereafter, these industries generate very large volumes of effluents contaminated by these dyes, which [...] Read more.
Currently, the dye industry is increasing its production as a consequence of the growing need for their products in different manufacturing sectors, such as textiles, plastics, food, paper, etc... Thereafter, these industries generate very large volumes of effluents contaminated by these dyes, which require proper removal treatment before final discharge of the effluents into the environment. In this study, artichoke leaves were used as an economical and eco-friendly bio-adsorbent for Bengal Rose (BR) dye removal. Bio-adsorbent obtained from artichoke leaves was ground to powder size. The resulting powder was characterized by different methods, such as Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) surface area analysis, scanning electron microscopy(SEM), X-ray Diffraction (XRD), Fourier transfer infrared (FTIR), pH at point of zero charge (pHpzc), equilibrium pH, iodine number, methylene blue number, phenol number, density, Energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX) and Thermo-gravimetric analysis (TGA). Thereafter, the bio-adsorbent was used to study its capability for removing BR dye by testing contact time, initial concentration of dye and temperature. The results show that the saturation of bio-sorbent was reached after 40 min and the removal rate of BR dye by artichoke leaves powder (ALP) was 4.07 mg/g, which corresponds to a removal efficiency of 80.1%. A design of experiences (DOE) based on a two-level full factorial design (23) was used to study the effects of different parameters, such as pH, temperature and bio-adsorbent dosage on BR dye removal efficiency. The obtained results show that the highest removal efficiency was 86.5% for the optimized values of pH (4), temperature (80 °C) and bio-adsorbent dosage (8 g/L). Furthermore, a satisfying accordance between experimental and predicted data was observed. The kinetic and isotherm studies show that the pseudo-second order model simulated adequately the obtained data and it was found that Langmuir and Temkin isotherm models are liable and suitable for evaluating the adsorption process performance. Free energy change of adsorption (ΔG°), enthalpy change (ΔH°) and entropy change (ΔS°) were furthermore calculated to predict the nature of the adsorption process. Full article
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