Special Issue "Effects of Atmospheric Aerosols on Radiation, Clouds, Climate, Air Quality and Health"

A special issue of Toxics (ISSN 2305-6304). This special issue belongs to the section "Environmental Chemistry".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 23 December 2022 | Viewed by 250

Special Issue Editors

Dr. Despina Paraskevopoulou
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Institute for Environmental Research & Sustainable Development, National Observatory of Athens, Athens, Greece
Interests: air quality; atmospheric aerosol; atmospheric pollution; climate change; aerosol physical-optical properties; aerosol chemical composition; aerosol toxicity; aerosol sources; aerosol impact on health
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals
Dr. Panagiotis Kosmopoulos
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Institute for Environmental Research and Sustainable Development, National Observatory of Athens, 15236 Penteli, Greece
Interests: environmental research; earth observation; aerosol effect on solar radiation; renewable energy; aerosol and cloud interactions; climate change; sustainable development
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Climate change and air quality deterioration consist of global issues that react critically to the environment and health. Atmospheric particles are characterized as an essential factor of the resulting air quality and the Earth’s radiative forcing, since their physical properties, chemical composition, and reactions significantly affect the atmosphere, taking also into consideration additional parameters such as radiation, hygroscopicity, and supersaturation. Furthermore, particulate matter has been linked to various impacts on public health, conducting worldwide to pulmonary and cardiovascular diseases, as well as to premature mortality. It has been proven that aerosol particles permeate into the human organism through respiration and, depending on their size, can reach deeper into the lungs interacting with the cells, causing diverse damages induced by the aerosol chemical components. Recent studies have indicated that, in regards to health impacts, aerosol chemical species constitute a more critical factor than that of aerosol size.  The mechanisms leading to cell damage are still investigated, through a concurrent study of the aerosol chemical composition and toxicity.

There are numerous studies focusing on the effects of atmospheric aerosol and the identification of emerging pollutants, attempting to comprehend aerosol’s toxicity and environmental effects. Nevertheless, the aerosol transformations and their impacts on climate, air quality, and public health have not been fully interpreted and remain to be further investigated. This special issue aims to evaluate the aerosol transformation and reaction mechanisms during various environmental processes, in order to shed further light to a critical research topic: the Aerosol Effects on Radiation, Clouds, Climate, Air quality and Health.

We are pleased to invite you to submit original research articles and reviews related to observations, modelling, or both. Studies using in situ field measurements and remote sensing observations are invited. Additionally, a combination of experimental and theoretical studies would be further appreciated. Furthermore, research areas may include (but not limited to) the following:

  • Formation mechanisms and sources of aerosol;
  • Physical and chemical processes of aerosol that contribute to climate change (e.g., aerosol chemistry, cloud condensation, new particle formation and growth);
  • Aerosol interactions with clouds and radiation, as well as the effect of climate change and meteorology;
  • Impact of aerosol components and reactions on climate change, air quality, and health. 

Your contributions are essential to share knowledge with scientific researchers and ameliorate the comprehension of aerosol effect worldwide.

We look forward to receiving your contributions.

Dr. Despina Paraskevopoulou
Dr. Panagiotis Kosmopoulos
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All submissions that pass pre-check are peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Toxics is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1800 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • atmospheric aerosols
  • air pollution
  • climate change
  • aerosol-radiation
  • cloud–precipitation interactions
  • meteorology
  • aerosol effects
  • physical-optical properties
  • environmental chemistry
  • aerosol toxicity

Published Papers

This special issue is now open for submission, see below for planned papers.

Planned Papers

The below list represents only planned manuscripts. Some of these manuscripts have not been received by the Editorial Office yet. Papers submitted to MDPI journals are subject to peer-review.

TITLE: Skin Oxidative Stress and the Effects of Atmospheric Aerosols and Solar Radiation

AUTHORS: Aggeliki Anastasiou, Panagiotis Kosmopoulos*, Evangelia Protopapa

ABSTRACT: The skin is an independent organ of the body which has specific characteristics and roles that separate it from the rest and performs several useful functions for the body. As the human body comes into contact with external conditions, the skin is equally exposed to air, atmospheric aerosols, pollutants, sunlight and other physical and mechanical attacks that are responsible for the formation of free radicals and reactive oxygen radicals, thus causing oxidative stress. Oxidative stress causes a variety of skin conditions such as dark skin, inflammation, alternation of skin barrier functions,  cancerous lesions but the most obvious is aging and especially photo-aging. Aging and altered skin characteristics are a biochemical phenomenon that proves that free radicals with their oxidizing action have a great effect on it. The skin can maintain its youth and health with the help of antioxidants that fight free radicals and oxidative stress. This can be done by injecting the substances intradermally or by superficial use. This paper provides an overview of the literature on the structure of the skin and its antioxidant defense mechanism, the role of free radicals in aging and the deterioration of its characteristics. The antioxidants that promote healthy aging, nutrition and regeneration, the way of infusion and the therapeutic results will be presented in detail.
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