Special Issue "Athlete Performance Enhancement through Endurance Running Training"

A special issue of Sports (ISSN 2075-4663).

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (15 June 2020).

Special Issue Editor

Dr. Phil Hayes
Website
Guest Editor
University of Northumbria, Department of Sport, Exercise and Rehabilitation, Newcastle, United Kingdom
Interests: resistance training in endurance runners; fatigue and running gait; quantifying training

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Endurance running training is a key component of the training programmes of athletes in many sports, not just endurance runners. Athletes use a combination of interval and continuous training methods with varying intensities, durations, and frequencies. This raises questions about the physiological adaptations arising from these different approaches and their impact on performance. Moreover, it also raises questions about what the best practice is when prescribing such training, both acutely and chronically.

This issue aims to provide an overview not only of the physiological adaptations to endurance running, but of the similarities and differences arising from interval and continuous running. Both of these training methods are generally utilized to elicit metabolic adaptations; however, for optimal performance, any enhanced metabolic capability needs to be converted into movement. Running economy has therefore become a topic of increasing interest, with the role of muscle-tendon units and gait (re)training becoming particularly prominent in the research literature.

Dose–response optimization is essential for practitioners to prescribe sufficient training loads acutely to elicit meaningful improvements chronically. This requires training loads to be quantified, the dose–response relationship identified and training prescription optimally periodised. All of these are areas of contemporary interest that continue to develop rapidly with emerging wearable technologies.

Dr. Phil Hayes
Guest Editor

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

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Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1000 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • Endurance running
  • Running economy
  • O2 max
  • Lactate threshold
  • Interval training
  • Aerobic training
  • Dose–response
  • Periodisation
  • Exercise prescription
  • Wearable technology

Published Papers (2 papers)

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Open AccessArticle
Acute Metabolic Changes with Thigh-Positioned Wearable Resistances during Submaximal Running in Endurance-Trained Runners
Sports 2019, 7(8), 187; https://doi.org/10.3390/sports7080187 - 01 Aug 2019
Cited by 2
Abstract
The aim of this study was to determine the acute metabolic effects of different magnitudes of wearable resistance (WR) attached to the thigh during submaximal running. Twenty endurance-trained runners (40.8 ± 8.2 years, 1.77 ± 0.7 m, 75.4 ± 9.2 kg) completed six [...] Read more.
The aim of this study was to determine the acute metabolic effects of different magnitudes of wearable resistance (WR) attached to the thigh during submaximal running. Twenty endurance-trained runners (40.8 ± 8.2 years, 1.77 ± 0.7 m, 75.4 ± 9.2 kg) completed six submaximal eight-minute running trials unloaded and with WRs of 1%, 2%, 3%, 4% and 5% body mass (BM), in a random order. The use of a WR resulted in a 1.6 ± 0.6% increase in oxygen consumption (VO2) for every 1% BM of additional load. Inferential based analysis found that the loading of ≥3% BM was needed to elicit any substantial responses in VO2, with an increase that was likely to be moderate in scale (effect size (ES) ± 90% confidential interval (CI): 0.24 ± 0.07). Using heart rate data, a training load score was extrapolated to quantify the amount of internal stress. For every 1% BM of WR, there is an extra 0.17 ± 0.06 estimated increase in training load. A WR ≥3% of BM was needed to elicit substantial responses in lactate production, with an increase which was very likely to be large in scale (ES ± 90% CI: 0.41 ± 0.18). A thigh-positioned WR provides a running-specific overload with loads ≥3% BM, resulting in substantial changes in metabolic responses. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Athlete Performance Enhancement through Endurance Running Training)
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Review

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Open AccessFeature PaperReview
Factors Affecting Training and Physical Performance in Recreational Endurance Runners
Sports 2020, 8(3), 35; https://doi.org/10.3390/sports8030035 - 15 Mar 2020
Cited by 1
Abstract
Endurance running has become an immensely popular sporting activity, with millions of recreational runners around the world. Despite the great popularity of endurance running as a recreational activity during leisure time, there is no consensus on the best practice for recreational runners to [...] Read more.
Endurance running has become an immensely popular sporting activity, with millions of recreational runners around the world. Despite the great popularity of endurance running as a recreational activity during leisure time, there is no consensus on the best practice for recreational runners to effectively train to reach their individual objectives and improve physical performance in a healthy manner. Moreover, there are lots of anecdotal data without scientific support, while most scientific evidence on endurance running was developed from studies observing both recreational and professional athletes of different levels. Further, the transference of all this information to only recreational runners is difficult due to differences in the genetic predisposition for endurance running, the time available for training, and physical, psychological, and physiological characteristics. Therefore, the aim of this review is to present a selection of scientific evidence regarding endurance running to provide training guidelines to be used by recreational runners and their coaches. The review will focus on some key aspects of the training process, such as periodization, training methods and monitoring, performance prediction, running technique, and prevention and management of injuries associated with endurance running. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Athlete Performance Enhancement through Endurance Running Training)
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