Special Issue "Social and Economic Aspects of Waste Management"

A special issue of Social Sciences (ISSN 2076-0760). This special issue belongs to the section "Social Economics".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (31 March 2019)

Special Issue Editor

Guest Editor
Prof. Constantinos S. Psomopoulos

Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, University of West Attica, Egaleo 122 44, Greece
Website | E-Mail
Interests: Ecodesign, Sustainable Resource Management, Climate Change, Sustainable Energy Systems

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Waste management is among the key issues for reaching sustainable development and circular economy, nowadays. Wastes have a tremendous impact on the environment and their proper management is of paramount importance in preserving the environment. Thus their impact on climate change is very high. Science and engineering have spent millions of hours on investigating the methods to improve the waste management methods and mitigate their impact on the environment. Thousands of papers have proved the importance of proper waste management and recycling on protecting the environment and reduce the climate change impact, providing the benefits of established and innovative methods. This special issue is focused in the societal and economic aspects of waste management. The role of societies is critical in achieving the sustainable development and mitigating the climate changes associated with waste generation. The economics associated with waste management are also playing an important role, as the formal and informal sector are providing millions of jobs globally, affecting the local and regional economies and societies. The economics and societal challenges and aspects of waste management are getting more and more attention as the technologies are now mature and established providing proven and secure methods in waste management that can be applied globally. The societal and economic aspects are quite critical in many countries that are not using yet the established methods, proving that the technological solutions are the one side of the effort on sustainable waste management. The goal of this special issue is to investigate the societal and economic aspects of waste management. The societal and economics play an extremely important parameter that affects decision making and technological solutions selection, so their role in achieving sustainability in waste management is crucial. Stakeholders, technology experts and decision makers have to prove their choices going beyond the obvious benefits addressed by technology, as the local and regional communities are the ones that fight against one or another technology and present the NIMBY phenomenon. So submissions related to societal and economic aspects, as well as case studies are more than welcome in this special issue.

Prof. Constantinos S. Psomopoulos
Guest Editor

Manuscript Submission Information

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Keywords

  • Waste management and societal aspects
  • waste management and economic aspects
  • developing societies and waste management
  • developed societies and waste management
  • poverty and waste management
  • unofficial waste collection and recycling
  • Not-in-my-backyard syndrome
  • Societal challenges of waste management
  • circular economy and society
  • sustainable societies and waste management.

Published Papers (1 paper)

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Research

Open AccessArticle Waste-to-Energy Conversion in Havana: Technical and Economic Analysis
Soc. Sci. 2019, 8(4), 119; https://doi.org/10.3390/socsci8040119
Received: 12 February 2019 / Revised: 26 March 2019 / Accepted: 1 April 2019 / Published: 16 April 2019
PDF Full-text (2721 KB) | HTML Full-text | XML Full-text
Abstract
Havana has the highest population and consequently generation of municipal solid wastes (MSW) in Cuba. In Havana, the final deposition method for MSW is mainly landfills. However, in most cases, they exceed their lifetime of operation becoming in reality dumpsites without energy recovery [...] Read more.
Havana has the highest population and consequently generation of municipal solid wastes (MSW) in Cuba. In Havana, the final deposition method for MSW is mainly landfills. However, in most cases, they exceed their lifetime of operation becoming in reality dumpsites without energy recovery from wastes. In this regard, waste-to-energy is a well-established technology for MSW treatment. The aim of this work was to carry out a techno-economic assessment for a proposed waste-to-energy plant in the city of Havana. A step-wise methodology based on two process analysis tools (i.e., Excel and Aspen Plus models) was used for the technical evaluation. Simulation results are in agreement with data from real plants, showing that it is possible to produce 227.1 GWh of electricity per year, representing 6% of the current demand in Havana. The economic analysis showed the feasibility of the project with a net present value of 35,483,853 USD. Results from the sensitivity analyses show the effect of the economy of scale when changes in low heating value were considered. Finally, a hypothetical best scenario was studied considering the net effect on the average Cuban salary. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Social and Economic Aspects of Waste Management)
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