Special Issue "Measuring Efficiency Considering Efficacy, Fairness and Uncertainty: Current Trends in Methods, Practice and Policies"

A special issue of Social Sciences (ISSN 2076-0760). This special issue belongs to the section "Social Economics".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 31 December 2018

Special Issue Editors

Guest Editor
Prof. Corrado lo Storto

Department of Industrial Engineering, University of Naples Federico II, Naples, Italy
Website | E-Mail
Interests: Innovation economics, Engineering economics, Applied economics, Efficiency analysis
Guest Editor
Prof. Anatoliy G. Goncharuk

Department of Business Administration and Corporate Security, International Humanitarian University, Odessa, Ukraine.
Website | E-Mail
Interests: Performance measurement and management, Benchmarking, Efficiency analysis

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Since time, the allocation of public resources has been an important problem studied extensively in economics, social sciences, and management.

Both economists and policy makers have generally privileged the search for efficiency in the allocation of resources. So, the big issue of the political debate in many developed countries has been (and actually still is) where to cut government expenditure at the central and local level. The rationale behind such idea is that spending cuts can relief or even strengthen the country economy.

This major focus on efficiency has raised criticism from those who believe that issues like equality, fairness, efficacy merit the same attention. However, choosing the optimal allocation requires that multiple performance indicators and perspectives are taken into account: efficiency from the perspective of the government, fairness from the point of view of the consumers, and profit from the perspective of the company that offers services to consumers against payment of a tariff.

A fairness-efficiency tradeoff may exist whenever resource allocation simultaneously increases productive efficiency and decreases distributive equity, or vice versa. Similarly, an efficacy-efficiency tradeoff exists when resource allocation increases efficacy, i.e. market revenue, but decreases productive efficiency, or vice versa. In both cases, such tradeoffs may prevent the actors from achieving their production possibility frontier.

This special issue will collect papers whose aim is to shed light on the measurement of efficiency in the presence of such tradeoffs and the way the search for efficiency can be reconciled with the need to improve fairness and efficacy, even in a world of increasing uncertainty. Particularly, it will increase understanding about current methods, practice and policies implemented to measure efficiency taking into account fairness, efficacy and uncertainty.

Authors from different fields, such as economics, management, engineering, psychology, social sciences, political science, etc. are invited to submit their studies. All the theoretical, methodological and practical studies are accepted in this issue.

Prof. Corrado lo Storto
Prof. Anatoliy G. Goncharuk
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a double-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Social Sciences is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charges (APCs) of 350 CHF (Swiss Francs) per published paper are fully funded by institutions through the Knowledge Unlatched initiative, resulting in no direct charge to authors. Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • equitable, efficacious and efficient allocation of resources
  • design of the “right” objective for a given resource allocation problem
  • meaning and measurement of efficacy, efficiency and fairness
  • appropriate measures of efficiency, efficacy and fairness in the public sector
  • metrics for measuring the efficiency-efficacy-fairness tradeoff
  • methods and techniques to measure efficiency
  • methods and common practice for balancing the efficiency-efficacy-fairness tradeoff
  • cost-benefit analysis under uncertainty

Published Papers (1 paper)

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Research

Open AccessArticle Managing Efficiency in Higher Education: A Case of Ukrainian Universities
Soc. Sci. 2018, 7(8), 138; https://doi.org/10.3390/socsci7080138
Received: 30 June 2018 / Revised: 10 August 2018 / Accepted: 12 August 2018 / Published: 14 August 2018
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Abstract
The rating positions of most Ukrainian higher educational establishments in the global international environment have not received any positive changes over a long period of time. Progressive regulatory changes are necessary to stimulate internal university reforms within the context of European integration. The
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The rating positions of most Ukrainian higher educational establishments in the global international environment have not received any positive changes over a long period of time. Progressive regulatory changes are necessary to stimulate internal university reforms within the context of European integration. The purpose of the present work is to develop organizational-methodological measures in order to increase the efficiency of scientific-pedagogical activity in higher educational establishments of Ukraine. The following methods were used for the research: Monographic, historical, comparative, generalization, formal-logical, analysis and synthesis, categorical approach, observation, interviewing, graphic, benchmarking and forecasting. The concept and methodology of managing efficiency in the post-Soviet transformation of higher education has been grounded. The mechanism of utilizing re-engineering and motivational management in the process of implementing European integration objectives for university education in Ukraine has been suggested. The system of normative indices has been formed to stimulate the effectiveness of the scientific-pedagogical activities of universities, with the complex focus on the marketing of educational services, innovations and quality. The authors’ mechanism of the accumulating system to stimulate scientific-creative activity of workers has been developed and put into practice. Procedures for scoring theproductivity level of scientific staff in universities have been described based on grading. Full article
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