Special Issue "Islamic Revivalism and Social Transformation in the Modern World"
Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (30 May 2022) | Viewed by 13912
Interests: sociology of Islam; sociological theories; theories of social change; sociology of body and embodiment; research methodology; migration and migrant identity; globalisation; multiculturalism; social and religious movements; terrorism; counter-violent extremism; Islamic Revivalism; Muslim communities; Islamic studies; Shari’ah (Islamic Law); Muslim women and piety
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals
European colonialism, imperialism, capitalism, and secularism and their accompanying anti Islamism spread deeply into the core of the Muslim world in 18th and 19th centuries, activating a series of Muslim intellectual, ideological, and socio-political responses collectively known as Islamic modernism. Islamic modernism grew in size and transformed in nature over time, and by the advent of Iranian Revolution in 1978-79, it came to be known as contemporary Islamic revivalism. It is a global phenomenon constituted by a plethora of diverse Islamic revivalist movements responding to modernity and its discontents and negative consequences. The movements, at the same time, are an expression of modernity. The modernisation, that is, the idea of positive social change, advancement of societies, and a higher standard of living, including the establishment of nation states, the founding of capitalist free-market economies, technological innovations, and scientific improvements, and the social and cultural reorganisations that accompany these phenomena, has produced Islamic revivalist movements in Muslim everyday settings.
Islamic revivalist movements are engaged in domestic, regional, and international settings working towards the enhancement of Islamic influence in all spheres of daily living. Against the backdrop of the changing social nature of their countries with widespread negative effects on daily living and the secular governments in their countries who constantly fail to meet the needs of the masses, returning Islam to govern all areas of modern life is seen by Islamic revivalist movements as a corrective to the crisis of modernity and the deliverance of sinful humanity. Islamic revivalists find modernity to be sunk in jahiliyah (unGodliness) under the weight of secularism. However, contrary to the view of secularists, modernists, and alarmists, they are not anti-modernity or determined to destroy the West. If anything, they work within modernity, as they say, to save it by Islamising modernity through the popularisation of Islamic symbols, principles, and institutions in society and removing its bifurcation from the social space into sacred and profane spheres. The stress placed on shari’ah and Islamic values is not intended as a return to past Islamic epoch but signifies an effort to deal with contemporary life and various challenges emerging from it by renewed commitment to what is considered in the revivalist circles as authentic Islam.
Islamic revivalist movements are not a monolithic group, and the differences that exist between them are significant, with movements differing on many basic issues. Explosive differences in ideology, method of renewal, and policy exist between them. Consequently, the mission to bring about improvements in society and Muslim everyday conditions in the local and international contexts takes many forms.
This Special Issue aims to examine the phenomenon of contemporary Islamic revivalism and the approach taken by various movements to address the malaise faced by Muslims and their different societies in an epoch known as modernity. The idea is to undertake a social scientific study of Islamic revivalist movements and grapple with issues of root causes of movements’ origins, their reaction to modernity and its dislocations and discontents, and their approach to community building in the face of the fragmentation of modern society. An important question to address is what message do they convey to the faithful and what material and spiritual solutions do they provide for their necessities? To this end, scholars, experts, and researchers are invited to examine contemporary Islamic revivalism from their respective areas of expertise and disciplinary areas.
The Special Issue invites contributors to consider:
- Social scientific and theoretical perspectives in their analysis of contemporary Islamic revivalism;
- Theories of social change in examining the emergence and development of Islamic revivalist movements;
- Methods of Islamic renewal;
- Modernity and its discontents and crises;
- The correlation between the causes of major social, psychological, and cultural dislocations, the erosion of stability of fragile political systems, and the growth of fragmentation, alienation, pauperization of marginalised groups, and uneven economic growth and political development and Islamic revivalism.
Dr. Jan A. Ali
Manuscript Submission Information
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- Islamic revivalism
- revivalist movements
- Islamic ideology
- modernity crisis
- social problem
- social change
- theories and perspectives
- renewal methods