Special Issue "Osseointegration of Oral implants: Importance of Bone Implant Interface and Periodontal Health in Long-Term Survival Rates"

A special issue of Prosthesis (ISSN 2673-1592).

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 31 December 2020.

Special Issue Editor

Prof. Dr. Gaetano Isola
Website SciProfiles
Guest Editor
Department of General Surgery and Surgical-Medical Specialties, School of Dentistry, University of Catania, 95124 Catania CT, Italy
Interests: periodontal disease; periodontal regeneration; biomaterials; local delivery agents; oral surgery; salivary diagnostics; antimicrobial agents; oral health; general health; quality of life
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Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

It is well known that osseointegration is viewed as a mode of implant anchorage that simulates a simple wound healing phenomenon. Today, we have evidence that osseointegration is, in fact, a foreign body reaction that involves the immunologically derived bony demarcation of an implant to shield it from nearby tissues. Marginal bone resorption around an oral implant cannot be properly understood without realizing the foreign body nature of the implant itself. Whereas the immunological response may be positive, resulting in implant longevity, adverse immunological reactions may cause marginal bone loss in combination with combined factors. The role of bacteria in the process of marginal bone loss is smaller than previously believed due to combined defense mechanisms of inflammation and immunological reactions; however, if such defense fails, then we may see bacterially induced marginal bone loss as well.

In this Special Issue, we want to provide a global overview of the advances in oral surgery and oral medicine ranging from new advances in oral surgery techniques to the molecular etiological aspects of oral and periodontal disease pathogenesis. This Special Issue will also cover new advances in preclinical pharmacological therapeutic strategies of oral diseases, including studies on pharmacological drugs used in the dental field.

On behalf of the journal Prosthesis, you are cordially invited to contribute an article to the Special Issue “Osseointegration of Oral implants: Importance of Bone Implant Interface and Periodontal Health in Long-Term Survival Rates”. Research articles and reviews are welcome. Case reports will also be considered for publication.

Prof. Dr. Gaetano Isola
Guest Editor

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Prosthesis is an international peer-reviewed open access quarterly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1000 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • oral surgery
  • oral implants
  • periodontal disease
  • biomaterials
  • oral rehabilitation
  • oral disease–systemic disease
  • peri-implantitis
  • sinus lift
  • antibiotics

Published Papers (1 paper)

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Research

Open AccessFeature PaperArticle
Osseodensification Drilling vs. Standard Protocol of Implant Site Preparation: An In Vitro Study on Polyurethane Foam Sheets
Prosthesis 2020, 2(2), 76-86; https://doi.org/10.3390/prosthesis2020008 - 29 May 2020
Abstract
(1) Background: The aim of the present in vitro investigation was to evaluate, on polyurethane sheets, two different drilling techniques for dental implant positioning using osteocondensing burs compared to a standard type protocol. (2) Methods: Three different implant designs (Implacil De Bortoli UN [...] Read more.
(1) Background: The aim of the present in vitro investigation was to evaluate, on polyurethane sheets, two different drilling techniques for dental implant positioning using osteocondensing burs compared to a standard type protocol. (2) Methods: Three different implant designs (Implacil De Bortoli UN III 4 × 10 mm, Restore RBM 4 (HEX) × 10 mm; Implacil De Bortoli UN II 4 × 10 mm) were evaluated (test implant (osteocondensing drills) and control implant (standard drills)). The insertion torque (IT), the removal torque (RT) and the resonance frequency analysis (RFA) values of test and control implants inserted in different size and different density polyurethane foam models were compared for 120 experimental sites. Accordingly, 120 experimental holes were produced in different PCF polyurethane foams: 60 sites were produced in 10 PCF sheets and 60 sites in 10 PCF sheets with an additional 1 mm layer of 30 PCF. (3) Results: The IT, removal torque and RFA values were significantly higher for both of the evaluated implants, in the sites prepared with the osteocondenser drills when compared to sites prepared with standard drills (p < 0.05). The UNII and UN III showed significantly higher stability compared to the HEX implant; these differences increased drastically in the 10 PCF Polyurethane Block with the additional 1 mm cortical layer (p < 0.05). (4) Conclusions: The outcome of this investigation suggested a possible clinical application of osteocondensing burs in case of reduced bone quality and quantity in the posterior maxilla. Full article
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