Special Issue "Membrane Distillation for the Treatment of Brackish, Seawater and Brines Effluents"

A special issue of Membranes (ISSN 2077-0375).

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (28 February 2017).

Special Issue Editor

Prof. Dr. Mohamed Khayet
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Department of Structure of Matter, Thermal Physics and Electronics Faculty of Physics, University Complutense of Madrid Avda. Complutense s/n, 28040 Madrid, Spain
Interests: membrane science and technology (membrane preparation; nanofibrous membranes; hollow fiber membranes; nanocomposite and mixed matrix membranes; membrane modification; membrane characterization; membrane processes)
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Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

As probably you know, it was 53 years ago when the first Membrane Distillation (MD) patent was filed (B.R. Bodell, USA Patent Serial No. 285,032 (1963)), and 49 years ago when the first MD paper was published (M.E. Findley, Ind. & Eng. Chem. Process Des. Dev. 6 (1967) 226-237). Since then, tremendous progress has been made on all aspects of MD science and technology, going from membrane and module engineering, theoretical approaches and simulation to industrial implementation.

In general, this Special Issue is oriented to the recent progresses made so far on MD process oriented to the treatment of brackish, seawater and brines effluents. It is focued on all MD configurations, as well as to its related membrane technologies that include different types of MD membranes, membrane engineering, membrane characterization, MD modules and MD integration with other membrane separation processes (Forward osmosis, Reverse osmosis; Microfiltration; Ultrafiltration; Nanofiltration; etc.) for the treatment of salines waters (brackish, seawater and brines). It will cover both experimental and theoretical studies, as well as simulation and optimization, in all related fields of MD desalination.

Considering your contribution in this interesting research field, I would like to cordially invite you to submit a paper to this Special Issue through the webpage of the Journal (S.I. Membrane Distillation). https://www.mdpi.com/journal/membranes/special_issues/membr_distill_treat

Research articles as well as reviews are invited. If you have a question about whether or not your work would be suitable for this Special Issue, I encourage you to contact me by email ([email protected] ).

The planned publication date of this special issue is September 2017 and the manuscript shall be submitted online before the 28 February 2017. Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere. All manuscripts are refereed through a peer-review process. I look forward to receiving your submissions, with best regards

Prof. Dr. Mohamed Khayet
Guest Editor

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Membranes is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1800 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • Membrane distillation
  • direct contact membrane distillation
  • air gap membrane distillation
  • vacuum membrane distillation
  • liquid gap membrane distillation
  • sweeping gas membrane distillation
  • osmotic membrane distillation
  • membrane
  • module
  • membrane preparation
  • membrane modification
  • membrane characterization
  • composite membrane
  • hybrid system
  • forward osmosis and MD
  • reverse osmosis and MD
  • ultrafiltration and MD
  • nanofiltration and MD
  • desalination
  • brackish water
  • seawater
  • brine
  • theoretical model
  • simulation
  • temperature polarization
  • concentration polarization
  • thermal efficiency
  • energy consumption
  • pilot plant
  • optimization
  • response surface methodology
  • artificial neural network

Published Papers (1 paper)

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Research

Open AccessArticle
Foulant Analysis of Three RO Membranes Used in Treating Simulated Brackish Water of the Iraqi Marshes
Membranes 2017, 7(2), 23; https://doi.org/10.3390/membranes7020023 - 13 Apr 2017
Cited by 6 | Viewed by 2725
Abstract
In this work, three different types of Reverse Osmosis (RO) (Thin-Film Composite (SE), Cellulose Acetate (CE), and Polyamide (AD)) were used to perform foulant analysis (autopsy) study on the deposited materials from three different simulated brackish surface feed waters. The brackish surface water [...] Read more.
In this work, three different types of Reverse Osmosis (RO) (Thin-Film Composite (SE), Cellulose Acetate (CE), and Polyamide (AD)) were used to perform foulant analysis (autopsy) study on the deposited materials from three different simulated brackish surface feed waters. The brackish surface water qualities represented the water quality in Iraqi marshes. The main foulants from the simulated feed waters were characterized by using Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) images and Energy-Dispersive X-ray Spectroscopy (EDXS) spectra. The effect of feed water temperatures (37 °C and 11 °C) on the formation of the fouled material deposited on the membrane surface was examined in this study. Also, pretreatment by a 0.1 micron microfiltration (MF) membrane of the simulated feed water in advance of the RO membrane on the precipitated material on the membrane surface was investigated. Finally, Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR) analysis was used to identify the functional groups of the organic matter deposited on the RO membrane surfaces. The SEM images and EDSX spectra suggested that the fouled material was mainly organic matter, and the major crystal deposited on the RO membrane was calcium carbonate (CaCO3). The FTIR spectra of the fouled RO membranes suggested that the constituents of the fouled material included aliphatic and aromatic compounds. Full article
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