Special Issue "Melanoma Epidemiology: Analytical Studies, Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses Addressing Environmental Risk Factors and Preventive Measures"

A special issue of International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health (ISSN 1660-4601).

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 14 September 2020.

Special Issue Editors

Prof. Dr. Olaf Gefeller
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Department of Medical Informatics, Biometry and Epidemiology; Friedrich-Alexander-University of Erlangen-Nuremberg
Interests: epidemiology; biostatistics; melanoma; ultraviolet radiation; UV index; prevention of sun exposure
Prof. Dr. Marit B. Veierød
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Oslo Centre of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, Department of Biostatistics, Institute of Basic Medical Sciences, University of Oslo
Interests: epidemiology; biostatistics; bias; melanoma; ultraviolet radiation; lifestyle

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Studying the epidemiology of melanoma is a tricky endeavour as the risk of developing melanoma depends on environmental factors, host factors, lifestyle factors, genetic factors and their interactions. Among the environmental factors, exposure to ultraviolet radiation from the sun plays the most prominent role, but also other environmental factors, such as chemical exposures, may increase melanoma risk. Host factors like the skin phenotype and the number as well as the type of nevi are well established as risk factors for melanoma, but other factors are also discussed for which the evidence is less clear. Lifestyle factors such as exposure to artificial ultraviolet radiation when using sunbeds have been shown to be associated with melanoma risk. A variety of genetic factors including high-penetrant genes, moderate-risk genes, and low-risk genetic polymorphisms have been linked to melanoma development. The effects of the complex interplay between all these factors are an evolving area of current research. In addition, the effect of preventive measures to reduce the risk of melanoma is also a topic of specific interest in the current research. This Special Issue invites papers on all these aspects of melanoma epidemiology. The focus lies on environmental factors and their prevention, but other related topics may also be considered. Not only papers reporting original data from epidemiologic studies, but also systematic reviews and meta-analyses are welcome.

Prof. Dr. Olaf Gefeller
Prof. Dr. Marit B. Veierød
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

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Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1800 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.


  • melanoma
  • epidemiology
  • prevention
  • environmental exposure
  • ultraviolet radiation

Published Papers (1 paper)

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Open AccessArticle
Trends in Tanning Bed Use, Motivation, and Risk Awareness in Germany: Findings from Four Waves of the National Cancer Aid Monitoring (NCAM)
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(20), 3913; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16203913 - 15 Oct 2019
Indoor tanning is an important risk factor for the development of melanoma and non-melanoma skin cancer. With our nationally representative monitoring, we aimed at describing tanning bed use, user characteristics, reasons for use, and risk awareness over time. In the framework of the [...] Read more.
Indoor tanning is an important risk factor for the development of melanoma and non-melanoma skin cancer. With our nationally representative monitoring, we aimed at describing tanning bed use, user characteristics, reasons for use, and risk awareness over time. In the framework of the National Cancer Aid Monitoring (NCAM), we collected representative data on 12,000 individuals aged 14 to 45 years in annual waves of n = 3,000 participants in Germany between 2015 and 2018. We used descriptive statistics and chi²-tests to uncover group differences. To compare data from the different waves, we calculated confidence intervals. The use of tanning beds decreased from 2015 (11.0%, 95%-CI: 9.9%–12.1%) to 2018 (8.8%, 95%-CI: 7.8%–9.8%). However, this decrease did not affect all subgroups. For instance, there was an (non-significant) increase in minors and the prevalence remained stable for individuals with immigrant background and males. Attractiveness was an important reason for tanning bed use in each wave. Over time, there was an increase in medical-related reasons for use. Furthermore, monitoring showed a decrease in risk awareness regarding tanning bed use and ultraviolet (UV) radiation. While it is a positive development that the overall use of tanning beds in Germany has decreased over time, the increasing use by minors despite the legal ban is alarming. Due to the declining risk awareness it is necessary to implement prevention and education campaigns specifically targeted at this group. Full article
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