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Special Issue "How Can Comprehensive Care Improve the Quality of Care in Post-SARS-nCoV-2 Period?"

A special issue of International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health (ISSN 1660-4601). This special issue belongs to the section "Health Care Sciences & Services".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (30 November 2021) | Viewed by 5591

Special Issue Editors

Dr. Christos Lionis
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Clinic of Social and Family Medicine, School of Medicine, University of Crete, 70013 Heraklion, Greece
Interests: primary care; integrated care; multimorbidity; behavioral care; perceived risk
Dr. Elena Petelos
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
SRF in Public Health, Lecturer in Evidence-Based Medicine and Evidence-Informed Policy, Clinic of Social and Family Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Crete, Crete, Greece ;Health Services Research, CAPHRI Care and Public Health Research Institute, Faculty of Health, Medicine and Life Sciences, Maastricht University
Interests: evidence generation and synthesis; global public health; outcomes research; technology assessment; decision-making; policy preparedness
Prof. Dr. Christopher Dowrick
E-Mail
Guest Editor
Professor of Primary Medical Care, Department of Primary Care and Mental Health, University of Liverpool, UK;
Chair, World Organisation of Family Doctors Working Party for Mental Health;
General Pracitioner, Aintree Park Group Practice, Liverpool UK;
Visiting Research Professor, Department of General Practice, University of Melbourne, Australia
Interests: primary mental health care; multimorbidity; equity of access to high quality health care

Special Issue Information

    The world is currently experiencing a global health crisis, the SARS-nCov-2 outbreak, with the COVID-19 pandemic affecting people across the globe. This is the time to develop research and policy agendas based on the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and the sub-goal of Universal Health Coverage (UHC) of the United Nations, informing them through meaningful discussion on the level of preparedness, and the effectiveness and efficiency of healthcare systems to successfully support people through the provision of comprehensive care (CC) during this pandemic and beyond. Community resilience and social cohesion are linked to the provision of care and the services available at the community level, as is the environment affecting care provision and service delivery. There is still debate on how to best define CC, although there is a consensus that its focus ought to be the continuum of health and social care services, and the provision thereof, in a context-relevant, accessible, and affordable manner, so that they meet the needs of all people, including patients and carers and friends and families. A key component of CC is integrated healthcare, with both terms often used almost interchangeably. However, even prior to the pandemic there was not a consensus on the type of services required to meet the needs of individuals and of communities; discourse extended to whether the provision of care can address all inequalities and the issues stemming from them, including through health promotion, increased levels of literacy, and health-in-all-policies (HiaP). The people most affected by the lack of access to health and social care services are those who live under the conditions of greatest vulnerability. Therefore, this Special Issue invites perspectives and approaches to inform the discussion on CC, encompassing evidence about its effectiveness and relevance for vulnerable people, people with mental health issues, as well as all those with multiple chronic conditions. Last but not least, outcomes and meaningful measures to assess the contribution of CC concerning UHC and the SDGs, will also be examined.

Dr. Christos Lionis
Dr. Elena Petelos
Prof. Dr. Christopher Dowrick
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All submissions that pass pre-check are peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2500 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • comprehensive
  • care
  • quality
  • provision
  • effectiveness

Published Papers (4 papers)

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Research

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Article
Clearing the Smoke Screen: Smoking, Alcohol Consumption, and Stress Management Techniques among Canadian Long-Term Care Workers
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(17), 6027; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17176027 - 19 Aug 2020
Cited by 7 | Viewed by 1504
Abstract
Background: Currently, there is abundant research indicating that smoking and alcohol consumption have significant impacts on morbidity and mortality, though little is known about these behaviors among Canadian health care workers. The objective of this study was to examine health and coping behaviors, [...] Read more.
Background: Currently, there is abundant research indicating that smoking and alcohol consumption have significant impacts on morbidity and mortality, though little is known about these behaviors among Canadian health care workers. The objective of this study was to examine health and coping behaviors, such as smoking and alcohol consumption as well as stress management techniques, among health care workers consisting of gendered, racialized, and immigrant employees. Methods: Drawing on a single-case, mixed-methods study in Ontario, Canada, this paper presents under-researched data about smoking practices, alcohol consumption, and stress management techniques among health care workers in labor-intensive, high-stress, high-turnover environments. In particular, it identifies the various mechanisms for maintaining health and well-being. Results: The findings suggest that 7.7% of survey respondents reported smoking while 43.4% reported alcohol consumption, which were reported more frequently among immigrants than among non-immigrants. Participants also reported health-promoting activities in face-to-face interviews, such as mindful breathing techniques and drawing upon social support, while a few respondents reported alcohol consumption to specifically cope with sleep disturbances and job stress. Conclusions: Although smoking and alcohol consumption were both connected with coping strategies and leisure, they were predominant in immigrant groups compared to non-immigrant groups. Full article
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Article
I Teach Nursing as a Male Nursing Educator: The East Asian Perspective, Context, and Social Cognitive Career Experiences
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(12), 4327; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17124327 - 17 Jun 2020
Cited by 11 | Viewed by 1557
Abstract
Social and cultural backgrounds, as well as understanding, play key roles in workforce development and human resource shortages, which are associated with the transition to nursing education and teaching from frontline nursing practices. A qualitative method, with the direction of the general inductive [...] Read more.
Social and cultural backgrounds, as well as understanding, play key roles in workforce development and human resource shortages, which are associated with the transition to nursing education and teaching from frontline nursing practices. A qualitative method, with the direction of the general inductive approach, was employed in this study. The researcher collected information from 18 male nursing educators who switched their senior roles (from the frontline and practicing fields to nursing education) at nursing schools in South Korea, Japan, Taiwan, China, and Malaysia. Three interview sessions were used to collect information. Three themes were merged from the information: (i) gender-oriented knowledge, teaching and learning; (ii) respect; and (iii) health promotion. More importantly, participants advocated that their male roles and identities provided uniqueness to patients, students, parents, and the general public concerning Asian customs and practices. Based on the social cognitive career theory, personal goals and achievements of career satisfaction took important roles. Although the general public may not agree with these career decisions, due to gender and social biases, participants continued to contribute their energy and knowledge in the health and social caring professions. Full article

Review

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Review
The Role of Herbal and Nutritional Treatments in the Fight against COVID-19 and Other Respiratory Tract Infections
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(22), 12001; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182212001 - 16 Nov 2021
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 846
Abstract
With the growing spread of COVID-19 worldwide, the appeal to alternative and nutritional therapies in conjunction with medical therapies has been heightened. This article aims to review studies assessing the roles of Chinese traditional medicine and nutrition in upper respiratory infections, including COVID-19. [...] Read more.
With the growing spread of COVID-19 worldwide, the appeal to alternative and nutritional therapies in conjunction with medical therapies has been heightened. This article aims to review studies assessing the roles of Chinese traditional medicine and nutrition in upper respiratory infections, including COVID-19. Various Chinese herbal protocols have been shown to fight respiratory infections, with several having been tested on the novel coronavirus. Additionally, promising findings have been reported when medical treatments were complemented with nutritional interventions. Supplementation with vitamins C and D, Zinc and Selenium are discussed, in addition to certain phytochemicals and food that also possess immunoregulatory and antiviral properties. Further clinical studies are needed to establish these alternative treatments as part of the management of emerging respiratory infections. Full article

Other

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Study Protocol
A Randomized Clinical Trial to Assess the Efficacy of Online-Treatment with Trial-Based Cognitive Therapy, Mindfulness-Based Health Promotion and Positive Psychotherapy for Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder during the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Study Protocol
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19(2), 819; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19020819 - 12 Jan 2022
Viewed by 1155
Abstract
Background: Research suggests the use of different forms of therapy as a way of decreasing dropout rates in the treatment of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The psychotherapies to be assessed in this study are trial-based cognitive therapy (TBCT), mindfulness-based health promotion (MBHP) and [...] Read more.
Background: Research suggests the use of different forms of therapy as a way of decreasing dropout rates in the treatment of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The psychotherapies to be assessed in this study are trial-based cognitive therapy (TBCT), mindfulness-based health promotion (MBHP) and positive psychotherapy (PPT). Objectives: (1) to assess the online efficacy of TBCT compared to MBHP and PPT to reduce the symptoms of PTSD in the context of the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic; (2) to compare the efficacy of these psychotherapies in improving anxiety, depression, guilt and in promoting well-being; and (3) to describe how professionals perceive online treatment. Methods: A randomized, multicenter, single-blind clinical trial will be conducted, with three separate arms. An estimated sample of 135 patients will receive either TBCT, MBHP or PPT and will be treated through online, individual, weekly visits, totaling 14 sessions. The primary outcome will be CAPS-5 and secondary outcomes will be HADS and WHO-5. The variables used to mediate these outcomes will be the Trauma-Related Guilt Inventory (TRGI), Negative Core Beliefs Inventory (NCBI) and the California Psychotherapy Alliance Scale (CALPAS-P). Expected results: PTSD symptoms are expected to be reduced after TBCT, MBHP and PPT. No statistical difference is expected to be found among the three. Discussion: The present study will evaluate and contribute towards the development of new psychotherapeutic options for patients with PTSD. The results of this study will allow the dissemination of new effective and adaptable interventions for patients with PTSD. Full article
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