Modern Living and Advances in Children's Eye Health
A special issue of International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health (ISSN 1660-4601). This special issue belongs to the section "Global Health".
Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (30 November 2023) | Viewed by 3452
Interests: myopia; binocular vision and strabismus
2. Department of Ophthalmology, University of Warmia and Mazury, 10-719 Olsztyn, Poland
Interests: myopia; refractive errors; epidemiology of eye disorders; cataract and refractive disorders; retina disorders
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals
Over the past three decades, the prevalence of eye diseases has significantly increased, particularly with regard to childhood myopia. Both genetic and environmental factors have been implicated in the development and progression of myopia. However, increases in the prevalence of myopia do not seem to be predominantly due to genetic variation, but rather, environmental changes. Major environmental factors include one’s level of education and time spent outdoors. Other environmental factors include near work, screen time, urbanization and the socio-economic status of families. More recently, other aspects within lived environments, such as access to green spaces, have been linked to the lower prevalence of myopia.
However, more research, particularly related to the cultural attitudes of comunities and factors such as safety, weather and pollution, is necessary to avoid confunding factors. Outdoor pollution, measured as traffic-related pollution, has been associated with increased rates of myopia. Greater exposure to particulate matter with an aerodynamic diameter and nitrogen oxides has been associated with an apparently adverse effect on retinal structural features. Indoor air pollution (e.g., tobacco smoking or poor ventilation) has been reported to be associated with conjunctivitis, glaucoma, cataracts and age-related macular degeneration. Studies regarding types of environmental exposure that may disrupt circadian rhythms in humans are also emerging. Thus, research regarding modifiable environmental risk factors provides an important basis for the design of preventive interventions and treatment strategies to avoid visual impairment and blindness. Manuscripts that address environmental risk factors and eye diseases are invited to be submitted for publication in this Special Issue.
During early childhood, uncorrected refractive errors may affect visual development and result in amblyopia. Anisometropia is one of the most common causes of amblyopia, followed by strabismus and visual deprivation. Traditionally, the first step in treatment has been optical correction, followed by treatment with patching and/or pharmacological treatment. However, advances in amblyopia therapy are arising with the development of new technologies, including new binocular treatments. Thus, manuscripts regarding new treatment strategies that could be used to avoid visual impairment and blindness are also invited to be submitted for publication in this Special Issue.
Dr. Carla Lança
Prof. Dr. Andrzej Grzybowski
Dr. Pei-Chang Wu
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- risk factors