Special Issue "Nutrition for Sport and Exercise"

A special issue of Healthcare (ISSN 2227-9032). This special issue belongs to the section "Nutrition and Public Health".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 31 May 2021.

Special Issue Editors

Dr. Kijin Kim
Website
Guest Editor
Department of Physical Education, College of Physical Education, Keimyung University, 1095 Dalgubeuldaero, Dalseo-gu, Daegu, 42601, Korea
Interests: My primary topic of research involves examining the effect of exercise training and dietary modifications on metabolic syndrome associated with obesity, type II diabetes, and atherosclerosis. I am also interested in assessing the responses of cytokines and immune factors to exercise training in obese, metabolic syndrome patients and elderly subjects.
Dr. Nayoung Ahn
Website
Guest Editor
Department of Sport & Leisure Studies, College of Physical Education, Keimyung University, Daegu, 42601, Korea
Interests: exercise training effects in aging; obesity and immune function; exercise rehabilitation

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

In recent years, the nutritional approach has been regarded as a very important field in the process of the sports science approach to health promotion and athletes' performance improvement. The combination of exercise training and nutritional intervention is considered to be a very effective method for creating a synergistic effect that can improve the health of the general public and improve the performance of athletes. However, the detailed effect analysis of these treatment methods is still considered insufficient. In particular, the biological basis for the effectiveness of the treatment could greatly help develop these programs. Therefore, we would like to give you the opportunity to publish various research results related to the physiological, biochemical, and molecular biological mechanisms of the nutritional approach to health promotion and performance improvement. In particular, we would like to invite excellent research results related to the sports nutrition approach to preventing the aging process and various diseases. We hope to receive many great studies related to nutrition for sport and exercise.

Dr. Kijin Kim
Dr. Nayoung Ahn
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Healthcare is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1600 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • exercise
  • sport
  • nutrition
  • performance
  • aging
  • immune function
  • obesity
  • metabolic syndrome

Published Papers (3 papers)

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Research

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Open AccessArticle
Effect of Treadmill Exercise and Probiotic Ingestion on Motor Coordination and Brain Activity in Adolescent Mice
Healthcare 2021, 9(1), 7; https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare9010007 - 23 Dec 2020
Viewed by 420
Abstract
High-intensity exercise can lead to chronic fatigue, which reduces athletic performance. On the contrary, probiotic supplements have many health benefits, including improvement of gastrointestinal health and immunoregulation. However, the effects of probiotics combined with exercise interventions on motor functions and brain activity have [...] Read more.
High-intensity exercise can lead to chronic fatigue, which reduces athletic performance. On the contrary, probiotic supplements have many health benefits, including improvement of gastrointestinal health and immunoregulation. However, the effects of probiotics combined with exercise interventions on motor functions and brain activity have not been fully explored. Therefore, this study aimed to identify the effects of probiotic supplements and aerobic exercise on motor function, immune response, and exercise intensity and probiotic ingestion. After four weeks of intervention, the motor functions were assessed by rotarod test, then the levels of cytokines, gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA), and glutamate were detected. The improvement caused by the intake of probiotics in the moderate-intensity exercise group and the non-exercise group in the accelerating mode rotarod was significant (p = 0.038, p < 0.001, respectively). In constant-speed mode, the moderate-intensity exercise group with probiotic ingestion recorded longer runs than the corresponding non-exercise group (p = 0.023), and the improvement owing to probiotics was significant in all groups—non-exercise, moderate, and high-intensity (p = 0.036, p = 0.036, p = 0.012, respectively). The concentrations of inflammatory cytokines were lower, whereas GABA was higher in the probiotics-ingested group. Taken together, exercise and probiotics in adolescence could positively affect brain and motor function. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nutrition for Sport and Exercise)
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Open AccessArticle
The Relationship between Body Mass Index and Physical Fitness among Chinese University Students: Results of a Longitudinal Study
Healthcare 2020, 8(4), 570; https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare8040570 - 17 Dec 2020
Viewed by 375
Abstract
Over the past few decades, a gradual increase in sedentary lifestyles along with the increased consumption of a modern, hypercaloric diet has resulted in a substantial increase in the number of those classified as overweight or obese in China. The prevalence of overweight [...] Read more.
Over the past few decades, a gradual increase in sedentary lifestyles along with the increased consumption of a modern, hypercaloric diet has resulted in a substantial increase in the number of those classified as overweight or obese in China. The prevalence of overweight and obesity has become a key public health issue. However, it is important to be cautious when interpreting the literature as the majority of studies apply cross-sectional data to assess and subjectively compare the relationship between physical fitness and being overweight and obese. In the present study, longitudinal data were collected from 3066 students (enrolled in 2014) at a university in China at the beginning of each academic year throughout their four-year university program. The aim of this study was to analyze the various associations between BMI, explosive power, flexibility, and cardiorespiratory endurance, and a random-intercept panel model (RIPM) was separately employed on male and female participants to identify between- and within-person variations. In this way, the associations for between-person physical fitness and normal/overweight/obese weight ranges, and for within-person physical fitness and normal/overweight/obese weight ranges could be observed. The results of this study revealed that every physical fitness test chosen for evaluation (such as the standing long jump for explosive power or the distance run for cardiorespiratory endurance) was negatively related to the BMI results, irrespective of sex, with the notable exception of the flexibility results. In addition, this study showed that both males and females exhibited positively correlated results in both between-person BMI and flexibility as well as within-person BMI and flexibility. Furthermore, the relationships between and within persons of cardiorespiratory endurance, explosive power, and flexibility all showed positive correlations across both sexes. The dynamics between physical fitness and BMI identified in this study could prove useful to practitioners and researchers investigating such relationships in the future. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nutrition for Sport and Exercise)
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Review

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Open AccessFeature PaperReview
Personalized Healthcare for Dementia
Healthcare 2021, 9(2), 128; https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare9020128 - 28 Jan 2021
Viewed by 314
Abstract
Dementia is one of the most common health problems affecting older adults, and the population with dementia is growing. Dementia refers to a comprehensive syndrome rather than a specific disease and is characterized by the loss of cognitive abilities. Many factors are related [...] Read more.
Dementia is one of the most common health problems affecting older adults, and the population with dementia is growing. Dementia refers to a comprehensive syndrome rather than a specific disease and is characterized by the loss of cognitive abilities. Many factors are related to dementia, such as aging, genetic profile, systemic vascular disease, unhealthy diet, and physical inactivity. As the causes and types of dementia are diverse, personalized healthcare is required. In this review, we first summarize various diagnostic approaches associated with dementia. Particularly, clinical diagnosis methods, biomarkers, neuroimaging, and digital biomarkers based on advances in data science and wearable devices are comprehensively reviewed. We then discuss three effective approaches to treating dementia, including engineering design, exercise, and diet. In the engineering design section, recent advances in monitoring and drug delivery systems for dementia are introduced. Additionally, we describe the effects of exercise on the treatment of dementia, especially focusing on the effects of aerobic and resistance training on cognitive function, and the effects of diets such as the Mediterranean diet and ketogenic diet on dementia. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nutrition for Sport and Exercise)
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