Special Issue "Somatopsychology: When Madness Arises from the Body"
Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (31 March 2021) | Viewed by 4977
Interests: somatopsychology; clinical neuropsychology; hallucinations; body modification (piercing & tattoo); aesthetic surgery (psychologial aspects only); human beauty.
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Mental disorders are not only generated by psychosocial causes. Our thinking and feeling are also based on physical processes. A variety of organic diseases can lead to someone being unable to cope with stress and to develop fears, depression, or even delusions. Somatopsychology, the counterpart to the more well-known psychosomatic, tries to identify such physical diseases. In the field of somatic causes of mental disorders, one can, e.g., distinguish between infectious, genetic, endocrine, metabolic, and neurological disorders. In addition, there are organ diseases, for example, anemia, heart failure, or pulmonary dysfunction, which can result in cognitive disorders. Kidney or liver diseases can lead to poisoning, which then also negatively affects mental processes. In addition to reduced neurotransmitters, the immune system has increasingly come into focus in the search for the causes of burnout, depression, and fatigue syndrome. Someone who is ill shows typical sickness behavior, which also includes symptoms that loosely resemble a depressed state of exhaustion. Even a succinct flu infection causes psychological changes. When pathogens have entered the body, the freely moving cells of the immune system communicate via the release of immune messenger substances that serve to activate cells of the disease defense. But there are also receiving stations for this in the brain, preferably in the Limbic system. As soon as the CNS is aware that the body's defense system is starting up, it produces the typical feeling of illness and the patient goes into a depressive mood.
Thus far, there has no systematization of somatopsychology. This Special Issue will collect examples from different fields, e.g., psychoendocrinology, psychoneuroimmunology, changes in blood values, metabolic disorders, or neurological disorders that lead to psychological symptoms.
Prof. Dr. Erich Kasten
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- Metabolic disorders
- Neurological disorders