Special Issue "Hydrological and Hydrogeological Risks"
Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (30 November 2017).
Hydrogeological instability and the associated risks are major issues in many countries all over the world. Territory fragility, questionable management policies, and undisputable climate changes make the occurrence of natural hazards, such as landslides and floods, a major source of social risk.
Hydrogeological risk is commonly tackled through four main actions, i.e., prediction, prevention, mitigation, and adaptation. In addition to these is the ability to recover quickly after calamitous events (resilience). The prediction of phenomena associated with hydrogeological risk requires both a thorough knowledge of the territory (e.g., the presence of vulnerable elements such as housing, schools, workplaces, etc.) and the ability to predict meteorological events with sufficient reliability. Instruments suitable for landslide and flood forecasting may be national, regional and local warning systems based on the comparison of rainfall conditions that triggered landslide or flood events and rainfall measures and forecasts. Obviously, the best prevention against the hydrogeological risk is the absence of vulnerable elements in dangerous areas, but is also useful the awareness in preventing dangerous behaviors (e.g., getting into the street to move the car or go down to the cellar during flooding). The mitigation of hydrogeological risk is, perhaps, the most critical action since it requires economical resources, that are often unavailable, to intervene on vulnerable elements, such as infrastructure in areas at risk and subject to landslides or floods. Adapting to hydrogeological risk involves learning to live with the possible occurrence of landslides and floods, trying to limit its negative (present and future) impacts. Any mitigation and adaptation strategy must nevertheless take into account the principle of sustainability, which mainly consists in promoting the preservation of the environment and not affecting the interests of future generations.
Dr. Maria Teresa Brunetti
Manuscript Submission Information
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- Prediction and prevention of hydrogeological events
- Landslide and flood early warning systems
- Case studies of hydrogeological events
- Social and economic impact of hydrogeological events
- Mitigation and adaptation strategies for hydrogeological events
- Effect of climate changes on hydrogeological events