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Special Issue "Advances in Modelling Vegetation and Forests in the Urban Environment: Local Climate and Air Quality"

A special issue of Forests (ISSN 1999-4907). This special issue belongs to the section "Forest Inventory, Quantitative Methods and Remote Sensing".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (25 February 2019)

Special Issue Editors

Guest Editor
Dr. Riccardo Buccolieri

Dipartimento di Scienze e Tecnologie Biologiche ed Ambientali (DiSTeBA), University of Salento, S.P. 6 Lecce-Monteroni, 73100 Lecce, Italy
Website | E-Mail
Interests: urban air quality and microclimate; experimental and computational fluid dynamics; turbulence and pollutant dispersion; city breathability and urban vegetation
Guest Editor
Dr. Jose Luis Santiago

Research Center for Energy, Environment and Technology (CIEMAT), Atmospheric Pollution Division, Environmental Department. Av. Complutense 40, Ed.3, 28040, Madrid, Spain
Interests: urban climate and air quality; computational fluid dynamics; urban vegetation; coupling mesoscale and microscale models; air quality assessment; mitigation strategies of pollutant concentration; spatial representativeness of air quality monitoring stations
Guest Editor
Dr. Scott Krayenhoff

School of Environmental Sciences, University of Guelph, Guelph, ON, Canada; Urban Climate Research Center, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ, USA
Interests: urban micrometeorology; local climate effects of urban trees; urban canopy model development; regional climate modeling and dynamical downscaling; pedestrian thermal comfort; urban heat island causation and mitigation; urban thermal anisotropy
Guest Editor
Prof. Sang-Hyun Lee

Kongju National University, 56 Gongjudaehak-ro, Gongju, Chungnam 32588, Republic of Korea
Interests: Urban meteorological and environmental modeling, Urban remote sensing; GIS modeling

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

We invite original research articles relating to model representation of impacts of urban vegetation and forests on local climate and air quality. These contributions will include modelling approaches at micro- to meso-scale (e.g., Computational Fluid Dynamics models, Urban Canopy Models), with a focus on the parameterization of urban vegetation (including aerodynamic, deposition and thermal effects) and their impacts on air pollutant concentrations, surface energy balance, and air/surface temperatures. Experimental work from field and laboratory studies is also welcomed, especially in relation to the drag and turbulence effects of vegetation in the urban environment useful for parametrizations development, as well as provision of velocity, turbulence and concentration data for model evaluation purposes. We also invite review papers that may focus on current knowledge and future directions in the field. Topics of interest include, but are not limited to:

  • advances in urban vegetation and forests parameterizations in microscale and mesoscale models;

  • experimental efforts and databases with a focus on the drag force representation exerted by different urban vegetation structures;

  • effects of vegetation on flow and pollutant dispersion in complex areas;

  • effects of urban vegetation in radiation exchange, surface energy balance, and air temperatures; use of vegetation barriers in site-specific contexts;

  • development of functional relations between key parameters of vegetation, meteorology and city morphology which enhance the positive effects of vegetation;

  • innovative strategies for alleviating poor ventilation, thermal discomfort, and air pollution in the urban environment.

Dr. Riccardo Buccolieri
Dr. Jose Luis Santiago
Dr. Scott Krayenhoff
Dr. Sang-Hyun Lee
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Forests is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1800 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.


  • urban vegetation
  • urban forests
  • urban trees
  • dry and wet deposition in urban environment
  • aerodynamic and thermal effects
  • modelling techniques
  • mitigation strategies

Published Papers (1 paper)

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Open AccessArticle The Impact of Green Space Layouts on Microclimate and Air Quality in Residential Districts of Nanjing, China
Forests 2018, 9(4), 224; https://doi.org/10.3390/f9040224
Received: 6 February 2018 / Revised: 31 March 2018 / Accepted: 16 April 2018 / Published: 23 April 2018
Cited by 3 | PDF Full-text (70555 KB) | HTML Full-text | XML Full-text
This study numerically investigates the influence of different vegetation types and layouts on microclimate and air quality in residential districts based on the morphology and green layout of Nanjing, China. Simulations were performed using Computational Fluid Dynamics and the microclimate model ENVI-met. Four [...] Read more.
This study numerically investigates the influence of different vegetation types and layouts on microclimate and air quality in residential districts based on the morphology and green layout of Nanjing, China. Simulations were performed using Computational Fluid Dynamics and the microclimate model ENVI-met. Four green indices, i.e., the green cover ratio, the grass and shrub cover ratio, the ecological landscaping plot ratio and the landscaping isolation index, were combined to evaluate thermal and wind fields, as well as air quality in district models. Results show that under the same green cover ratio (i.e., the same quantity of all types of vegetation), the reduction of grass and shrub cover ratio (i.e., the quantity of grass and shrubs), replaced by trees, has an impact, even though small, on thermal comfort, wind speed and air pollution, and increases the leisure space for occupants. When trees are present, a low ecological landscaping plot ratio (which expresses the weight of carbon dioxide absorption and is larger in the presence of trees) is preferable due to a lower blocking effect on wind and pollutant dispersion. In conjunction with a low landscaping plot ratio, a high landscaping isolation index (which means a distributed structure of vegetation) enhances the capability of local cooling and the general thermal comfort, decreasing the average temperature up to about 0.5 °C and the average predicted mean vote (PMV) up to about 20% compared with the non-green scenario. This paper shows that the relationship vegetation-microclimate-air quality should be analyzed taking into account not only the total area covered by vegetation but also its layout and degree of aggregation. Full article

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