Coastal Hazards under Climate Change

A special issue of Climate (ISSN 2225-1154). This special issue belongs to the section "Climate and Environment".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 30 November 2024 | Viewed by 437

Special Issue Editors


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Guest Editor
Director of the Laboratory of Harbour Works, Department of Water Resources and Environmental Engineering, School of Civil Engineering, National Technical University of Athens (NTUA), 15780 Zografou, Greece
Interests: marine hydraulic engineering and harbour works; coastal dynamics and coastal structures; environmental impact assessment of harbour and coastal works; port and coastal infrastructure monitoring; marine spatial planning; integrated coastal zone management

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Guest Editor
Assistant Professor, Laboratory of Harbour Works, Department of Water Resources and Environmental Engineering, School of Civil Engineering, National Technical University of Athens (NTUA), 15780 Zografou, Greece
Interests: wave propagation and transformation; coastal hydrodynamics; sediment transport; shoreline and sea bottom evolution; coastal erosion; coastal flooding; wave disturbance of port basins; coastal flood early-warning system; physical and numerical modelling of coastal processes

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Coastal regions represent some of the most densely populated and economically vital areas worldwide, but they are increasingly vulnerable to the impacts of climate change. Rising sea levels, intensifying storms, and shifting coastal dynamics are all contributing to the escalation of coastal hazards. These hazards pose a significant threat to both human communities and the environment, demanding urgent attention and innovative solutions.

The special issue seeks to address the multifaceted challenges associated with coastal hazards in the context of a changing climate. It aims to provide a platform for cutting-edge research that advances our understanding of coastal processes, risk assessment, and adaptation strategies. By gathering insights from experts in diverse fields, this special issue strives to offer a comprehensive view of the complex interactions between climate change and coastal hazards.

The special issue welcomes contributions that advance our knowledge of these critical issues and facilitate the development of effective strategies to safeguard coastal communities and ecosystems in an era of climate uncertainty. Specific topics of interest include but are not limited to the following:

  • Coastal Storm Analysis;
  • Coastal Hazards Drivers (Storm Surges, Sea Level Rise & Extreme Waves);
  • Compound Flooding Events (coastal, river and rainfall flooding);
  • Coastal Erosion;
  • Coastal Flooding & Inundation;
  • Coastal Hazard Forecasting & Early-Warning Systems Coastal Hazard Monitoring;
  • Coastal Vulnerability Assessment & Mapping;
  • Effect of Climate Changes on Coastal Hazards;
  • Adaptation and Mitigation Strategies for Managing Coastal Hazards;
  • Application of Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning in Coastal Hazards Analysis, Monitoring & Forecasting.

Prof. Dr. Vasiliki K. Tsoukala
Dr. Michalis K. Chondros
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All submissions that pass pre-check are peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Climate is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1800 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • coastal hazard
  • coastal storm
  • coastal flooding and inundation
  • coastal erosion
  • coastal vulnerability assessment
  • climate change
  • artificial intelligence
  • machine learning

Published Papers

This special issue is now open for submission, see below for planned papers.

Planned Papers

The below list represents only planned manuscripts. Some of these manuscripts have not been received by the Editorial Office yet. Papers submitted to MDPI journals are subject to peer-review.

Title: Flood inundation at coastal areas due to extreme storm tides under the effect of projected climate change: application to the Greek coastal zone
Authors: Galiatsatou, P., Makris, C., Baltikas, V., Mallios, Z., Krestenitis, Y. and Prinos, P.
Affiliation: Hydraulics Laboratory, School of Civil Engineering, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki (AUTh), 54124 Thessaloniki, Greece
Abstract: This study examines the effects of projected climate change on extreme storm-induced sea levels and flood inundation at selected low-land areas of the Greek coastal zone. The analysed extreme sea surface heights resulted from high-resolution simulations with a robust storm surge model (MeCSS) fed by atmospheric circulation data from three high-resolution Regional Climate Models (RCMs) provide by the MED-CORDEX database: i) the CMCC-CCLM4 non-hydrostatic RCM, ii) the CNRM-ALADIN52 limited area bi-spectral RCM, and iii) the GUF-COSMO-Climate Limited-area Modelling (CCLM) RCM. Future climate estimations were based on Representative Concentration Pathways, RCP 4.5 and 8.5. Extreme sea levels due to storm surge along the entire Greek coastline, corresponding to a reference (1971-2005) and two future (2021-2055 and 2066-2100) periods, are extrapolated using Extreme Value Theory (EVT). Uncertainty in return level estimates of extreme storm surges is also considered in the analysis. Flood inundation due to extrapolated storm surge extreme events enhanced by local values of the highest astronomical tides, is then performed at selected coastal sites using a high-resolution, reduced complexity, mass-balance hydraulic model (CoastFLOOD) to assess floodwater inundation on the coastal terrain. Coastal flood inundation results for the different RCMs and greenhouse gasses concentration scenarios at the selected coastal sites, are then compared to identify the most flood-prone areas of the Greek coastal zone and possible effects of climate change on the flooding hazard.

Title: Effects of Sea Level Rise on Hydrodynamics and Spatial Availability in Mexican Coastal Wetlands along the Pacific Americas Flyway
Authors: Canul Turriza Román Alejandro; Fernández-Díaz Violeta Z.; González Novelo María Fernanda; Mejía-Piña Karla Gabriela; May Tzuc Óscar; Cruz y Cruz Andrea
Affiliation: 1 Facultad de Ingeniería, Universidad Autónoma de Campeche; Campus V, predio s/n por Av. Humberto Lanz Cárdenas y Unidad Habitacional Ecológica Ambiental Siglo XXIII, Ex – Hacienda Kalá, C.P. 24085. Campeche, México. 2 Facultad de Ciencias Marinas, Universidad Autónoma de Baja California; Carretera Tijuana-Ensenada 3917, Fraccionamiento Playitas, 22860, Ensenada, BC., México.
Abstract: Globally, coastal wetlands are among the most dynamic and important environments due to their wide range of environmental services, from which coastal communities benefit. Mexico has coastal wetlands that are a priority in the Pacific Flyway in America, since every year millions of shorebirds use these wetlands to reproduce and rest during their migration, in addition to various species that live there and are under some protection standard or in danger of extinction. In addition, these Mexican wetlands are also spaces from which important growing coastal communities benefit. However, the conservation of these coastal sites will be compromised in the coming decades by factors such a sea level rise and increasing pressure derived from coastal development, which directly impacts the potential loss of space and consequently the decrease of migratory bird populations. This work identifies hydrodynamic changes and the effects of sea level rise in five coastal wetlands in Mexico and the Pacific Flyway in America, focusing on the future availability of space and the potential loss of ecosystem services under projected scenarios. Results are generated that give us a knowledge base to design strategies focused on the conservation and resilience of these wetlands in the face of sea level rise.

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