Special Issue "Plasma Processing for Carbon-based Materials"

A special issue of C (ISSN 2311-5629).

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (31 October 2018)

Special Issue Editor

Guest Editor
Prof. Dr. Mineo Hiramatsu

Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Faculty of Science and Technology, Meijo University, Tempaku, Nagoya, Japan
Website | E-Mail
Interests: synthesis of diamond and carbon nanostructures including nanotubes and graphene; application of carbon nanostructures in the fields of energy generation and storage, electrochemical and bio-sensing, and cell culturing; plasma processing of materials including thin film formation, etching, and surface treatment; diagnostics of processing plasmas using spectroscopy and mass spectrometry

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Carbon-based materials include diamond, diamond-like carbon (DLC), amorphous carbon as well as several graphene-based nanostructures. They are promising materials that can be potentially used in the fields of mechanical, optical, electric, electronic, electrochemical, bio, agricultural, and environmental applications. Most of carbon-based materials can be synthesized using several plasma apparatuses. Morphology including crystallinity and structure as well as mechanical, electrical, and optical properties of carbon-based materials should be controlled according to their applications. Plasma processing has a significant role in fabricating carbon-based materials and achieving their practical use in many areas. In order to realize industrial application using carbon-based materials, processing plasma should be optimized depending on their use. Sometimes, it is desirable to develop novel plasma processing specific to the materials. This Special Issue covers development of plasma processes for the synthesis of carbon-based materials including diamond, DLC, amorphous carbon, and several graphene-based nanostructures; investigation on the post processes such as integration techniques including etching and surface functionalization; diagnostics of plasma used for the synthesis of carbon-based materials. Emerging applications using carbon-based materials are also welcome. Hopefully this Special Issue forms a valuable contribution to the knowledge of plasma processing of carbon-based materials and stimulates further development of these fields. We look forward to your submissions.

Prof. Dr. Mineo Hiramatsu
Guest Editor

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. C is an international peer-reviewed open access quarterly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) is waived for well-prepared manuscripts submitted to this issue. Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.


  • Diamond
  • Carbon nanotube
  • Graphene
  • Carbon nanostructures
  • DLC
  • Amorphous carbon
  • Plasma-enhanced CVD
  • Sputtering
  • Plasma synthesis of carbon-based materials
  • Plasma etching
  • Surface treatment and functionalization using plasma
  • Plasma diagnostics
  • Characterization of carbon based-materials
  • Application of carbon based-materials

Published Papers (1 paper)

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Open AccessArticle Microwave-Driven Plasma-Mediated Methane Cracking: Product Carbon Characterization
Received: 1 October 2018 / Revised: 20 October 2018 / Accepted: 1 November 2018 / Published: 8 November 2018
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Methane is the primary industrial H2 source, with the vast majority produced by steam reforming of methane—a highly CO2- and water-intensive process. Alternatives to steam reforming, such as microwave-driven plasma-mediated methane decomposition, offer benefits of no water consumption and zero
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Methane is the primary industrial H2 source, with the vast majority produced by steam reforming of methane—a highly CO2- and water-intensive process. Alternatives to steam reforming, such as microwave-driven plasma-mediated methane decomposition, offer benefits of no water consumption and zero CO2 process emissions while also producing solid carbon formed by pyrolytic reactions and aided by a plasma reactive environment. The economic viability of pyrolytic methane decomposition as a hydrogen source will depend upon the commercial applications of the solid carbon product—which, in turn, will depend upon its physical and chemical characteristics. This study focuses on material characterization of the solid carbon (secondary) product. Characterization by high-resolution transmission electron microscopy reveals forms ranging from graphitic to amorphous. Thermogravimetric analyses reveal three forms by their differing oxidative reactivity, while X-ray diffraction analyses support the different crystalline forms as suggested by Thermogravimetric analysis. Plasma perturbation of the radical pool, elevating radical temperatures and boosting concentrations, is proposed as altering the reaction paths towards solid carbon formation, resulting in the different sp2 forms. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Plasma Processing for Carbon-based Materials)

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