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Investigation of Nanographene Produced by In-Liquid Plasma for Development of Highly Durable Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cells

Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Meijo University, 1-501 Shiogamaguchi, Tempaku, Nagoya 468-8502, Japan
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Received: 31 October 2018 / Revised: 14 November 2018 / Accepted: 17 November 2018 / Published: 23 November 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Plasma Processing for Carbon-based Materials)
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Abstract

Recently, polymer electrolyte fuel cells (PEFCs) are attracting a lot of attention owing to their small size and relatively low working temperature (below 80 °C), which enables their usage in automobiles and household power generation. However, PEFCs have a problem with decreased output caused by corrosion of amorphous carbon, which is commonly used as a catalytic carrier. This problem could be solved by the usage of carbon nanostructures with a stronger crystal structure than amorphous carbon. In this work, nanographene supported by Pt nanoparticles was synthesized and examined for possible applications in the development of PEFCs with increased durability. Nanographene was synthesized by in-liquid plasma generated in ethanol using alternating current (AC) high voltage. A membrane electrode assembly (MEA) was constructed, where Pt nanoparticle-supported nanographene was used as the catalytic layer. Power generation characteristics of the MEA were evaluated and current density for the developed MEA was found to be approximately 240 mA/cm2. From the electrochemical evaluation, it was found that the durability of Pt nanoparticle-supported nanographene was about seven times higher than that of carbon black. View Full-Text
Keywords: nanographene; in-liquid plasma; fuel cell; catalyst nanographene; in-liquid plasma; fuel cell; catalyst
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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MDPI and ACS Style

Gamaleev, V.; Kajikawa, K.; Takeda, K.; Hiramatsu, M. Investigation of Nanographene Produced by In-Liquid Plasma for Development of Highly Durable Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cells. C 2018, 4, 65.

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