Special Issue "Elemental Composition, Sources and Health Impacts of Aerosols in Large Urban Areas"

A special issue of Atmosphere (ISSN 2073-4433). This special issue belongs to the section "Aerosols".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 10 April 2021.

Special Issue Editors

Dr. Markus Furger
Website
Guest Editor
Paul Scherrer Institut
Interests: atmospheric aerosols; metals; X-ray fluorescence spectrometry (XRF); air quality; source apportionment
Dr. Gaëlle Uzu
Website
Guest Editor
IGE, Université Grenoble Alpes, 38400 Saint-Martin-d'Hères, France
Interests: atmospheric geochemistry; source apportionment; health impacts; oxidative potential or health proxy; atmospheric tracers; air exposure and health risk assessment

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Large urban areas are often subject to elevated levels of air pollution impacting on the people living and working there. Particulate matter (PM), either directly emitted from combustion and other processes, or indirectly formed by chemical reactions during transport in the atmosphere, contributes substantially to harmful pollutants with negative health effects. In recent years, with the widespread availability of appropriate analysis techniques, the chemical composition of PM has come into focus when studying health and other environmental impacts, allowing for a more detailed analysis of PM sources and mechanisms linking PM composition to various diseases. In this respect, trace elements (e.g., metals, PAH and derivatives, emerging organic pollutants and endotoxins) and their toxicity are considered to be key factors. Even though trace elements often make up rather a minor fraction of the total mass of PM, their impact on the environment and human health is important, and further investigation is required.

This Special Issue shall provide a platform for the publication of recent original research articles or review articles on:

  • traditional and newly developed instrumentation and analysis methods for elements in ambient aerosols, applied to large urban areas with numerous emitters;
  • results of recent field studies applying such methods to quantify and characterize PM elemental composition, describing its origin, transport and transformation;
  • source identification based on or incorporating elemental composition in large cities;
  • studies on the impact of PM trace elements and their toxicity on human health in large urban areas; and
  • future trends and lines of investigation with respect to elements/metals in PM.

Dr. Markus Furger
Dr. Gaëlle Uzu
Guest Editor

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Atmosphere is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1800 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • elemental analysis
  • chemical composition
  • trace elements (metal, organic (PAH and derivatives, microplastics, etc.) and biological (endotoxins, bacteria, etc.))
  • source apportionment
  • aerosols
  • particulate matter
  • health.

Published Papers (1 paper)

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Research

Open AccessArticle
Complex Characterization of Fine Fraction and Source Contribution to PM2.5 Mass at an Urban Area in Central Europe
Atmosphere 2020, 11(10), 1085; https://doi.org/10.3390/atmos11101085 - 13 Oct 2020
Abstract
It is well documented that Southern Poland is one of the most polluted areas in Europe due to the highest airborne concentrations of particulate matter (PM). Concentrations of fine particles are especially high in winter. Apart from detailed number concentrations, it is essential [...] Read more.
It is well documented that Southern Poland is one of the most polluted areas in Europe due to the highest airborne concentrations of particulate matter (PM). Concentrations of fine particles are especially high in winter. Apart from detailed number concentrations, it is essential to accurately identify and quantify specific particulate pollution sources. Only a few Polish research centers are involved in such experiments—among them is Krakow research group. For the most part, research focuses on collecting 24-h average samples from stationary PM samplers at ambient monitoring sites and quantifying the specific elements and chemical constituents in PM. This approach includes modeling methods that can use the variability in physical and chemical PM characteristics as an input dataset to identify possible sources of the particles. The objective of this paper is to provide research results based on data collected from June 2018 to May 2019 from a single monitoring station at a central urban site. Careful comparison of data obtained prior to a 2019 law prohibiting solid fuel burning in the city of Krakow with data (2019–2020) when a regulation went into effect should indicate progress by noting lower PM levels. This work has shown that the method applied and Krakow results might be of interest to the broader community in regions of high PM concentration. Full article
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