Special Issue "Air Quality Prediction"

A special issue of Atmosphere (ISSN 2073-4433). This special issue belongs to the section "Air Quality".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 30 November 2018

Special Issue Editor

Guest Editor
Dr. Janusz Pudykiewicz

Meteorological Research Branch, RPN, Environment Canada, Dorval, Québec, Canada
Website | E-Mail
Interests: numerical weather prediction; advection-reaction-diffusion equation; integration of stiff systems of differential equations; transport of atmospheric constituents; air quality prediction; inverse tracer transport problems; topological fluid dynamics; coupling between geophysical processes and rotation; history of meteorology

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

The emergence of the Earth Modeling System paradigm in the early 2000s, epitomized by the Integrated Forecast Systems, has led to the coupling of atmospheric dynamics with the equations describing transport of reactive tracers. The modern air quality prediction systems are, in fact, weather forecast models with a significantly expanded suite of the parameterizations including chemistry, surface exchange process and convective mixing. This advancement creates an unprecedented potential to increase the realism of computer simulations, superior to those from the previous generation of the chemical transport models. At the same time, the new paradigm of air quality prediction requires better chemical kinetics schemes and more realistic models of the aerosol dynamics. Furthermore, coupling of the processes with vastly different space and time scales within a single model demands the accurate mass conserving, non-oscillatory advection scheme as well as the new time stepping algorithms.

Contributions are being sought to document the current status of modern air quality prediction. The most relevant papers are those discussing the following subjects:

  • Strategies of coupling between the atmospheric chemistry and the numerical weather prediction models including description of the actual air quality prediction systems.
  • Are the off-line models still relevant in the air quality prediction?
  • The interaction between air quality prediction and traditional parameterizations of the numerical weather prediction models.
  • The discussion of chemical kinetic schemes for use with air quality prediction models.
  • New methods for modeling of the aerosol dynamics.
  • Numerical schemes for solving the reactive transport with stiff chemical interactions.
  • Data assimilation algorithms for the air quality prediction.
  • Studies illustrating the interaction between weather and aerosol processes.
  • Studies of small scale flows and their role in the air quality prediction.
  • The evaluation of predictability limits for air quality forecast.

Dr. Janusz Pudykiewicz
Guest Editor

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Atmosphere is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1400 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • Earth Prediction System
  • Integrated Forecast System
  • Numerical Weather Prediction
  • Atmospheric Chemistry Kinetics Schemes
  • Chemical Transport Models
  • Atmospheric Boundary Layer
  • Emission Processing Systems
  • Biogenic Emission
  • Chemical Data Assimilation
  • Deposition
  • Numerical Methods for Advection Equation
  • Numerical methods for Stiff Differential Equations
  • Coagulation Equation
  • Atmospheric Dust
  • Dry Phase Chemistry
  • Wet Phase Chemistry
  • Convective Mixing

Published Papers (2 papers)

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Research

Open AccessArticle Future-Year Ozone Isopleths for South Coast, San Joaquin Valley, and Maryland
Atmosphere 2018, 9(9), 354; https://doi.org/10.3390/atmos9090354
Received: 24 August 2018 / Revised: 11 September 2018 / Accepted: 12 September 2018 / Published: 14 September 2018
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Abstract
Many areas of the United States are working toward achieving the 2015 ozone National Ambient Air Quality Standard (NAAQS) attainment level. The objective of this study was to develop future-year (2030) volatile organic compounds and nitrogen oxides (VOC-NOx) isopleth diagrams of
[...] Read more.
Many areas of the United States are working toward achieving the 2015 ozone National Ambient Air Quality Standard (NAAQS) attainment level. The objective of this study was to develop future-year (2030) volatile organic compounds and nitrogen oxides (VOC-NOx) isopleth diagrams of the 4th highest maximum daily 8-h average ozone design value concentrations at monitors of interest in the South Coast Air Basin (SoCAB) and San Joaquin Valley (SJV) in California, and in Maryland. The simulation results showed there would be attainment of the 2015 ozone NAAQS in 2030 without further controls at the selected monitors: 27% in SoCAB, 57% in SJV, and 100% in Maryland. The SoCAB ozone isopleths developed in this study were compared with those reported in the South Coast Air Quality Management District 2016 Air Quality Management Plan. There are several differences between the two modeling studies, the results are qualitatively similar for most of the monitors in the relative amounts of additional emission reductions needed to achieve the ozone NAAQS. The results of this study provide insight into designing potential control strategies for ozone attainment in future years for areas currently in non-attainment. Additional photochemical modeling using these strategies can then provide confirmation of the effectiveness of the controls. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Air Quality Prediction)
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Open AccessArticle A Survey of Regional-Scale Blocking Patterns and Effects on Air Quality in Ontario, Canada
Atmosphere 2018, 9(6), 226; https://doi.org/10.3390/atmos9060226
Received: 10 April 2018 / Revised: 1 June 2018 / Accepted: 6 June 2018 / Published: 12 June 2018
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Abstract
Blocking weather patterns cause persistent weather situations that alter typical wind and circulation patterns which may result in stagnant weather conditions at the surface and potentially adverse conditions that affect society, such as extended warmth, drought, precipitation or fog. One problem that may
[...] Read more.
Blocking weather patterns cause persistent weather situations that alter typical wind and circulation patterns which may result in stagnant weather conditions at the surface and potentially adverse conditions that affect society, such as extended warmth, drought, precipitation or fog. One problem that may develop is adverse concentrations of air pollutants in populated regions that may persist for several days or longer. This study looks for possible correlation between blocking patterns and air quality episodes in southern Ontario, Canada. The method used was examination of various cases of air quality episodes. The meteorological details of these examples were examined to determine possible correlations with blocking patterns. Results of the comparisons revealed that various types of blocking patterns correlated with worsening air quality episodes in various regions of southern Ontario. The conclusion is that some large-scale as well as regional-scale blocking patterns may cause adverse air quality in different cities or regions of the province during any month, and forecasters need to be vigilant for these patterns. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Air Quality Prediction)
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