Special Issue "Process Design Issues for Hydrogen Production: From Catalyst Design to Reactor Modelling and Process Simulation"

A special issue of ChemEngineering (ISSN 2305-7084).

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (16 April 2018).

Special Issue Editors

Prof. Dr. Ilenia Rossetti
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Dipartimento di Chimica, Università degli Studi di Milano, via C. Golgi, 19, I-20133 Milano, Italy
Interests: photocatalysis; heterogeneous catalysis; process design; valorization of renewable raw materials
Special Issues and Collections in MDPI journals
Prof. Dr. Gianguido Ramis
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Dipartimento di Ingegneria Chimica, Civile ed Ambientale, Università degli Studi di Genova and INSTM Unit Genova, Via all'Opera Pia 15A, 16145 Genova, Italy
Interests: heterogeneous catalytic processes; characterization of surface active sites; SCR of NOx with NH3; catalytic oxidation; catalytic combustion of hydrocarbons and VOCs; C-H bonds activation; H2 production by steam reforming of bio-alcohols; CO2 photoreduction; photocatalytic H2 production
Special Issues and Collections in MDPI journals

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

We kindly invite you to submit a manuscript, review or short communication for this Special Issue. Hydrogen is used throughout the entire chemical industry as a chemical, and it is also raising attention as an alternative fuel. Its production can spread from technologically, well-assessed routes, from fossil sources, to different possible alternative scenarios, such as the use of renewable biofuels, the splitting of water (photo-catalytic, electro-catalytic, or thermal), and biochemical pathways. Catalysis plays a key role in all them. The interest recently shifted also from centralized production to distributed generation or microgeneration, to cope with on-site production needs.

Therefore, we welcome contributions regarding all the different technologies for hydrogen production, which may be focused on the following topics (but not limited to them):

  • process design issues for hydrogen production
  • kinetics
  • reactors sizing and modelling (including microreactors)
  • process simulation (either in steady state conditions or dynamic)
  • cost evaluation
  • life cycle assessment
  • safety issues
  • process control
  • scale up issues, prototypes and demonstrative units
  • design of catalytic materials for the production of hydrogen

We encourage you to focus your attention on the process design issues that you have addressed or that have not been addressed yet.

We look forward to receiving your manuscripts!

Prof. Dr. Ilenia Rossetti
Prof. Dr. Gianguido Ramis
Guest Editors

Keywords

  • process simulation
  • reactor modelling
  • process design
  • hydrogen production
  • catalytic processes

Published Papers (3 papers)

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Research

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Article
Thermodynamic Analysis of Autothermal Reforming of Synthetic Crude Glycerol (SCG) for Hydrogen Production
ChemEngineering 2017, 1(1), 4; https://doi.org/10.3390/chemengineering1010004 - 19 Jul 2017
Cited by 7 | Viewed by 2296
Abstract
This study presents the thermodynamic modelling of hydrogen production from autothermal reforming of synthetic crude glycerol using the Peng-Robinson Stryjek-Vera thermodynamic model and Gibbs free energy minimization approach. In order to simulate the typical crude glycerol, a solution was prepared by mixing glycerol, [...] Read more.
This study presents the thermodynamic modelling of hydrogen production from autothermal reforming of synthetic crude glycerol using the Peng-Robinson Stryjek-Vera thermodynamic model and Gibbs free energy minimization approach. In order to simulate the typical crude glycerol, a solution was prepared by mixing glycerol, methanol, soap, and fatty acids. The equilibrium compositions of the reforming gas were obtained and the impacts of the operating temperature, steam to crude glycerol ratio (S/SCG), and oxygen to crude glycerol ratio (O/SCG) on hydrogen production were investigated. Under isothermal conditions, the result showed that maximum hydrogen production is favoured at conditions of high temperatures, high S/SCG, and low O/SCG ratio. However, under thermoneutral conditions where no external heat is supplied to the reformer, results indicate that high hydrogen yield is realised at conditions of high temperatures, high S/SCG and high O/SCG ratio. Furthermore, it was concluded that under thermoneutral condition, steam to SCG ratio of 3.6, oxygen to SCG ratio of 0.75, and adiabatic temperature of 927 K yields maximum hydrogen. Full article
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Review

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Review
Development of Sunlight Driven Water Splitting Devices towards Future Artificial Photosynthetic Industry
ChemEngineering 2018, 2(3), 36; https://doi.org/10.3390/chemengineering2030036 - 13 Aug 2018
Cited by 17 | Viewed by 3459
Abstract
The ongoing research and development of sunlight-driven water splitting in the “Japan Technological Research Association of Artificial Photosynthetic Chemical Process (ARPChem)” is overviewed. Water splitting photocatalysts, photoelectrochemical devices, large-scale reactor panels, product gas transportation, H2/O2 gas separation devices and safety [...] Read more.
The ongoing research and development of sunlight-driven water splitting in the “Japan Technological Research Association of Artificial Photosynthetic Chemical Process (ARPChem)” is overviewed. Water splitting photocatalysts, photoelectrochemical devices, large-scale reactor panels, product gas transportation, H2/O2 gas separation devices and safety measures against explosion are included as the research objectives. ARPChem was formed as a research union of Japan’s leading chemical firms, in which related elementary technologies have been cultivated. This article introduces our general scope for artificial photosynthesis and describes present research activities, mainly on solar driven water splitting photocatalysts/photoelectrodes and briefly on the processes and plans for plant construction for future industrial extension. Full article
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Review
Recent Advances in Supported Metal Catalysts for Syngas Production from Methane
ChemEngineering 2018, 2(1), 9; https://doi.org/10.3390/chemengineering2010009 - 07 Mar 2018
Cited by 27 | Viewed by 3050
Abstract
Over the past few years, great attention is paid to syngas production processes from different resources especially from abundant sources, such as methane. This review of the literature is intended for syngas production from methane through the dry reforming (DRM) and the steam [...] Read more.
Over the past few years, great attention is paid to syngas production processes from different resources especially from abundant sources, such as methane. This review of the literature is intended for syngas production from methane through the dry reforming (DRM) and the steam reforming of methane (SRM). The catalyst development for DRM and SRM represents the key factor to realize a commercial application through the utilization of more efficient catalytic systems. Due to the enormous amount of published literature in this field, the current work is mainly dedicated to the most recent achievements in the metal-oxide catalyst development for DRM and SRM in the past five years. Ni-based supported catalysts are considered the most widely used catalysts for DRM and SRM, which are commercially available; hence, this review has focused on the recent advancements achieved in Ni catalysts with special focus on the various attempts to address the catalyst deactivation challenge in both DRM and SRM applications. Furthermore, other catalytic systems, including Co-based catalysts, noble metals (Pt, Rh, Ru, and Ir), and bimetallic systems have been included in this literature review to understand the observed improvements in the catalytic activities and coke suppression property of these catalysts. Full article
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