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Vibration, Volume 2, Issue 3 (September 2019)

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Open AccessArticle
Dynamic Analysis and Design of a Novel Ring-Based Vibratory Energy Harvester
Vibration 2019, 2(3), 271-284; https://doi.org/10.3390/vibration2030017 - 03 Sep 2019
Viewed by 267
Abstract
This paper aims to focus on the design and analysis of a novel ring-based mono-stable energy-harvesting device that is considered as an alternative to the beam and tube models used thus far. The highly sensitive ring second flexural mode, when combined with the [...] Read more.
This paper aims to focus on the design and analysis of a novel ring-based mono-stable energy-harvesting device that is considered as an alternative to the beam and tube models used thus far. The highly sensitive ring second flexural mode, when combined with the nonlinear external magnetic force, results in an ideal combination that yields increased frequency range, and can be considered as novel in the field of vibration-based energy harvesters. A mathematical model for the ring structure, as well as a model to generate nonlinear magnetic force that acts on the ring structure, is formulated. The discretized form of the governing equations is shown to represent a Duffing oscillator in the presence of an external magnetic field. The forms of the system potential energy, as well as the restoring force, are examined to ensure that the mono-stable behavior exists in the proposed model. Numerical predictions of time response, frequency response, phase diagram, and bifurcations map when the system is subjected to ambient harmonic excitation, have been performed for the purposes of gaining an insight into the dynamics and power generation of this new class of harvesters. Full article
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Open AccessArticle
Free Vibration Characteristics of Rectangular Membranes Assuming Rounded-Edges Boundary
Vibration 2019, 2(3), 265-270; https://doi.org/10.3390/vibration2030016 - 23 Jul 2019
Viewed by 392
Abstract
This study examines the vibratory characteristics of rectangular membranes having an outer rounded-edges periphery. This class of membranes with rounded outer corners has a great advantage over membranes with a rectangular platform wave propagation at the boundary being greatly diffused. As a result, [...] Read more.
This study examines the vibratory characteristics of rectangular membranes having an outer rounded-edges periphery. This class of membranes with rounded outer corners has a great advantage over membranes with a rectangular platform wave propagation at the boundary being greatly diffused. As a result, such membranes have a great potential for use in practical engineering applications, especially in waveguides-based structures. Based on an effective 2D Differential-Quadrature numerical method, the frequencies and respective modeshapes of a rectangular membrane with rounded-edges are computed. This method is shown to yield better versatility, efficiency and less computational execution than other discretization methods. The simulated results, showing complex mode exchanges occurring for the higher order modes, demonstrate advantageous use for such membrane patterns in the design of tunable waveguides. Full article
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Open AccessArticle
Design Optimization of Torsional Vibration Absorbers for Heavy-Duty Truck Drivetrain Systems
Vibration 2019, 2(3), 240-264; https://doi.org/10.3390/vibration2030015 - 12 Jul 2019
Viewed by 403
Abstract
In this paper, the feasibility of the application of a dual mass flywheel (DMF) for heavy-duty truck drivetrain systems was studied. The third engine order vibration harmonic was in the focus of analysis as one of the most significant contributions to the oscillatory [...] Read more.
In this paper, the feasibility of the application of a dual mass flywheel (DMF) for heavy-duty truck drivetrain systems was studied. The third engine order vibration harmonic was in the focus of analysis as one of the most significant contributions to the oscillatory response in the drivetrain systems of heavy-duty trucks. Global sensitivity analysis (GSA) and Pareto optimization were used for designing torsional vibration absorbers in an operating engine speed range of 600–2000 rpm. The optimization method attempted both to minimize the oscillations of the torque at the transmission input shaft and to maximize the energy efficiency of the vibration absorber. The GSA enabled the appropriate scanning of the domain of design parameters by varying all the parameters at the same time. It provided deep insight into the design process and increased the computational efficiency of the optimization. The results obtained show the following: the solution of the bi-objective optimization problem for torsional vibration absorbers does exist; Pareto fronts were obtained and analyzed for the DMF, presenting a trade-off between the measure of the attenuation of the oscillations of the torque at the transmission input shaft and the measure of the energy efficiency of the absorber; the optimized mass inertia, stiffness and damping parameters of a DMF do exist, providing the best attenuation of the torque oscillations; the performance of a DMF was further enhanced by incorporating a torsional tuned mass damper with appropriate optimized parameters. Finally, the results show evidence of the feasibility of the application of dual mass flywheels in heavy-duty truck drivetrain systems. Full article
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