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Structural and Mechanical Properties of Amorphous Si3N4 Nanoparticles Reinforced Al Matrix Composites Prepared by Microwave Sintering

1
Center for Advanced Materials, Qatar University, Doha 2713, Qatar
2
Department of Mechanical Engineering, National University of Singapore, Singapore 117576, Singapore
3
Department of Metallurgical and Materials Engineering, Faculty of Petroleum and Mining Engineering, Suez University, Suez 43721, Egypt
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Ceramics 2019, 2(1), 126-134; https://doi.org/10.3390/ceramics2010012
Received: 10 January 2019 / Revised: 13 February 2019 / Accepted: 13 February 2019 / Published: 14 February 2019
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Abstract

The present study focuses on the synthesis and characterization of amorphous silicon nitride (Si3N4) reinforced aluminum matrix nanocomposites through the microwave sintering process. The effect of Si3N4 (0, 1, 2 and 3 wt.%) nanoparticles addition to the microstructure and mechanical properties of the Al-Si3N4 nanocomposites were investigated. The density of Al-Si3N4 nanocomposites increased with increased Si3N4 content, while porosity decreased. X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis reveals the presence of Si3N4 nanoparticles in Al matrix. Microstructural investigation of the nanocomposites shows the uniform distribution of Si3N4 nanoparticles in the aluminum matrix. Mechanical properties of the composites were found to increase with an increasing volume fraction of amorphous Si3N4 reinforcement particles. Al-Si3N4 nanocomposites exhibits higher hardness, yield strength and enhanced compressive performance than the pure Al matrix. A maximum increase of approximately 72% and 37% in ultimate compressive strength and 0.2% yield strength are achieved. Among the synthesized nanocomposites, Al-3wt.% Si3N4 nanocomposites displayed the maximum hardness (77 ± 2 Hv) and compressive strength (364 ± 2 MPa) with minimum porosity level of 1.1%. View Full-Text
Keywords: aluminum; amorphous silicon nitride; microwave sintering; microstructural; mechanical properties aluminum; amorphous silicon nitride; microwave sintering; microstructural; mechanical properties
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Mattli, M.R.; Matli, P.R.; Shakoor, A.; Amer Mohamed, A.M. Structural and Mechanical Properties of Amorphous Si3N4 Nanoparticles Reinforced Al Matrix Composites Prepared by Microwave Sintering. Ceramics 2019, 2, 126-134.

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