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Open AccessArticle

Effect of SLM Build Parameters on the Compressive Properties of 304L Stainless Steel

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Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Missouri University of Science and Technology, Rolla, MO 65409, USA
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Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Missouri University of Science and Technology, Rolla, MO 65409, USA
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Spirit AeroSystems, Wichita, KS 67210 USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
J. Manuf. Mater. Process. 2019, 3(2), 43; https://doi.org/10.3390/jmmp3020043
Received: 23 April 2019 / Revised: 21 May 2019 / Accepted: 29 May 2019 / Published: 2 June 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Selective Laser Melting: Materials and Applications)
Selective laser melting (SLM) is well suited for the efficient manufacturing of complex structures because of its manufacturing methodology. The optimized process parameters for each alloy has been a cause for debate in recent years. In this study, the hatch angle and build orientation were investigated. 304L stainless steel samples were manufactured using three hatch angles (0°, 67°, and 105°) in three build orientations (x-, y-, and z-direction) and tested in compression. Analysis of variance and Tukey’s test were used to evaluate the obtained results. Results showed that the measured compressive yield strength and plastic flow stress varied when the hatch angle and build orientation changed. Samples built in the y-direction exhibited the highest yield strength irrespective of the hatch angle; although, samples manufactured using a hatch angle of 0° exhibited the lowest yield strength. Samples manufactured with a hatch angle of 0° flowed at the lowest stress at 35% plastic strain. Samples manufactured with hatch angles of 67° and 105° flowed at statistically the same flow stress at 35% plastic strain. However, samples manufactured with a 67° hatch angle deformed non-uniformly. Therefore, it can be concluded that 304L stainless steel parts manufactured using a hatch angle of 105° in the y-direction exhibited the best overall compressive behavior. View Full-Text
Keywords: selective laser melting (SLM); compression testing; stainless steel; hatch angle; build orientation; analysis of variance; Tukey’s test selective laser melting (SLM); compression testing; stainless steel; hatch angle; build orientation; analysis of variance; Tukey’s test
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Fashanu, O.; Buchely, M.F.; Spratt, M.; Newkirk, J.; Chandrashekhara, K.; Misak, H.; Walker, M. Effect of SLM Build Parameters on the Compressive Properties of 304L Stainless Steel. J. Manuf. Mater. Process. 2019, 3, 43.

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