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Readings of the Post-Crisis Spanish City: Between Social Inequity and Territorial Destruction

1
Department of Geography and Land Planning, Faculty of Humanities, Campus Universitario s/n, Benjamín Palencia Building, University of Castilla-La Mancha, 02071 Albacete, Castilla-La Mancha, Spain
2
Department of Geography, Faculty of Geography and History, University of Santiago de Compostela, Praza da Universidade, 1, 15782 Santiago de Compostela, A Coruña, Spain
3
Department of Geography, Guillem Colom building, University of the Balearic Islands, Cra. de Valldemossa km 7.5, 07122 Palma, Balearic Islands, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Urban Sci. 2019, 3(2), 43; https://doi.org/10.3390/urbansci3020043
Received: 10 April 2019 / Accepted: 11 April 2019 / Published: 16 April 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Land Squandering and Social Crisis in the Spanish City)
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PDF [236 KB, uploaded 17 April 2019]

Abstract

The 2008 crisis entailed a turning point in the process of creating and managing cities and territories. There has been a change from a city model, based on expansive growth, which was also speculative and deregulated, had provoked an unprecedented expansion of the outskirts of towns and cities, and the artificialization of thousands of hectares of land, to a model based on the reconstruction of the original city, before the impact of the crisis. Gone are the days of urban mega-projects—source of indebtedness for local administrations- and big urbanizations, which, in many occasions, have not been inhabited. The financial, social, and residential reality requires a better thinking of the city models, as well as recuperating the neighborhoods and recomposing the social gap and conflicts, which had become affected by unemployment, evictions, and austerity policies. In this paper, two models of understanding and managing cities have been presented, as a way of identifying strengths, weaknesses, and impacts on the modern city. Several case studies have been collected at a regional level (Extremadura and Valencian Community), and at an urban level (Las Palmas, Madrid, Barcelona, Valencia, and Toledo), and even at a sub-urban level (via the study of certain neighborhoods). View Full-Text
Keywords: urbanization process; real estate bubble; urban sprawl; urban vulnerability; residential segregation; urban inequality; Spain urbanization process; real estate bubble; urban sprawl; urban vulnerability; residential segregation; urban inequality; Spain
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Cebrián-Abellán, F.; Piñeira-Mantiñán, M.J.; González-Pérez, J.M. Readings of the Post-Crisis Spanish City: Between Social Inequity and Territorial Destruction. Urban Sci. 2019, 3, 43.

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