i-Sustainability Plus Theory as an Innovative Path towards Sustainable World Founded on Blue-Green Ubiquitous Cities (Case Studies: Denmark and South Korea)
2.1. Global Challenges
2.2. Sustainability and Sustainable Development
2.3. Blue-Green City
2.4. Digitalization and Smart Life
- Enhance quality of life
- Improve economic situation and create better employment opportunities
- Improve well-being of its citizens by ensuring access to social and community services
- Establish an environmentally responsible and sustainable approach to development
- Ensure efficient service delivery of basic services and infrastructure such as public transportation, water supply and drainage, telecommunication, and other utilities
- Struggling with climate change and environmental issues
- Provide regulatory and governance mechanism ensuring equitable policies .
2.5. Ubiquitous City
- How could i-Sustainability Plus Theory create a Sustainable World?
- How would Blue-Green Cities be created through i-Sustainability Plus?
- How would Blue-Green Ubiquitous cities deal with global challenges to achieve sustainable development?
- What indicators and strategies are required to design Blue-Green infrastructure?
- What is the role of ubiquitous concept in creating sustainable and livable urban areas based on a Blue-Green city?
4. Case Studies
- Independency of fossil fuels through using clean and inclusive energies such as biofuels and etc.
- Transportation based on clean and renewable energy
- Bike as main transportation system
- Improving public transportation
- Infrastructure based on smartness
- High standards
- Smart architecture and construction to reduce consumption of energy
- Enhancing cultural norms and education systems
- High standards of living through facilities such as proper insurance, high education, employment etc.
- New process and technologies in industry, transport and others in order to make efficiency and productivity higher with lower consumption of raw material and energy
- Making new opportunities through risks by innovation, high technologies and digitalization
4.2. South Korea/Seoul
- Eco city planning, design, and evaluation based on u-technology
- Construction technology of the u-water circulation system
- Construction technology based on low-energy and recycling
- Eco city construction fusion technology based on u-technology
- ICT infrastructure: ICT infrastructure is vital to achieve U-city services. Efforts to develop ICT infrastructure must anticipate future service demands, rather than respond only to those most apparent.
- Integrated City-Management Framework: Management framework is vital to gain U-services in cities. The many integrated subsystems, meta-systems and individual building-block systems of U-city could work through standards.
- Smart Users: Although ICT is used as a tool in U-cities, citizens who could use smart tech to interact with smart services are vital to achieve U-life in cities.
6.1. Sustainable and Livable World through Blue-Green Cities
6.2. Blue-Green Cities
- Blue-Green and smart infrastructure
- Project management concerned with Blue-Green strategies and sustainability
- Value engineering as an improvement tool
- Experts including Urban Developer, Manager and Leaders, IT Experts, Sustainability Experts and Innovation Experts
- Public Citizens
6.3. i-Sustainability Plus as a Theory towards Blue-Green Ubiquitous Cities
- Accelerating innovative processes
- Realizing new chances in markets
- Creating new ideas and using them into innovations
- Modeling products and services into market to test them in order to find out new results
- Developing businesses with maximum profit and effectiveness
- Global challenges threaten not only the maintenance of the world, but also humanities. So, it is vital to struggle with these problems.
- Creating modern livable settings with low risks of global challenges and high sustainability is a solution to struggle with global challenges in order to gain sustainable development, maintain the environment and planet for future generations, and improve quality of life in cities.
- Blue-Green urban settings concerned with green strategies, sustainable water management and being environmentally friendly are required to develop modern livable areas.
- In addition, sustainable urban areas are not sufficient. Besides sustainability, smartness is required to make urban settings keep up with growing humans’ needs.
- Ubiquitous cities are required to make areas aligned with supplying rapid urbanization needs.
- Fundamentally, the Blue-Green ubiquitous urban setting is the path towards sustainable development, maintaining the world, and making it a better place for living.
- To achieve Blue-Green ubiquitous settings, U-DSR theory is recommanded by the authors. Sustainability and Comprehensive Strategic Urban Planning concerned with Blue-Green policies and ubiquitous services are needed to achieve this theory.
- The U-DSR model could make modern livable urban areas with high sustainablity, wealth, ubiquitous life, high livability, and quality of life.
- In particular, techniques and tools are required to gain indicators needed for U-DSR theory. Based on the authors’ point of view, i-Sustaianability Plus is an innovative techniques to develop U-DSR theory.
- Innovation has important roles not only in realizing solutions towards i-Sustainability Plus theory and U-DSR model, but also in creating another innovative theory towards sustainable and livable urban areas.
- Blue-Green Ubiquitous cities could be designed through innovation, sustainability, environmental friendliness in order to plan sustainable and smart cities, smart citizens and governments.
- Modern livable urban settings could be achieved through Blue-Green strategies; smartness; digitalization; high technologies such as IT, IoT, and IoE; and innovative solutions.
Conflicts of Interest
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Doost Mohammadian, H.; Rezaie, F. i-Sustainability Plus Theory as an Innovative Path towards Sustainable World Founded on Blue-Green Ubiquitous Cities (Case Studies: Denmark and South Korea). Inventions 2020, 5, 14. https://doi.org/10.3390/inventions5020014
Doost Mohammadian H, Rezaie F. i-Sustainability Plus Theory as an Innovative Path towards Sustainable World Founded on Blue-Green Ubiquitous Cities (Case Studies: Denmark and South Korea). Inventions. 2020; 5(2):14. https://doi.org/10.3390/inventions5020014Chicago/Turabian Style
Doost Mohammadian, Hamid, and Fatemeh Rezaie. 2020. "i-Sustainability Plus Theory as an Innovative Path towards Sustainable World Founded on Blue-Green Ubiquitous Cities (Case Studies: Denmark and South Korea)" Inventions 5, no. 2: 14. https://doi.org/10.3390/inventions5020014