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Philosophies, Volume 3, Issue 3 (September 2018)

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Open AccessArticle Dimensions Missing from Ecology
Philosophies 2018, 3(3), 24; https://doi.org/10.3390/philosophies3030024
Received: 20 August 2018 / Revised: 6 September 2018 / Accepted: 7 September 2018 / Published: 12 September 2018
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Abstract
Ecology, with its emphasis on coupled processes and massive heterogeneity, is not amenable to complete mechanical reduction, which is frustrated for reasons of history, dimensionality, logic, insufficiency, and contingency. Physical laws are not violated, but can only constrain, not predict. Outcomes are predicated
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Ecology, with its emphasis on coupled processes and massive heterogeneity, is not amenable to complete mechanical reduction, which is frustrated for reasons of history, dimensionality, logic, insufficiency, and contingency. Physical laws are not violated, but can only constrain, not predict. Outcomes are predicated instead by autocatalytic configurations, which emerge as stable temporal series of incorporated contingencies. Ecosystem organization arises out of agonism between autocatalytic selection and entropic dissolution. A degree of disorganization, inefficiency, and functional redundancy must be retained by all living systems to ensure flexibility in the face of novel disturbances. That physical and biological dynamics exhibit significant incongruencies argues for the formulation of alternative metaphysical assumptions, referred to here as “Process Ecology”. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Contemporary Natural Philosophy and Philosophies)
Open AccessArticle Perspectives on Natural Philosophy
Philosophies 2018, 3(3), 23; https://doi.org/10.3390/philosophies3030023
Received: 6 August 2018 / Revised: 22 August 2018 / Accepted: 22 August 2018 / Published: 28 August 2018
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Abstract
This paper presents a viewpoint on natural philosophy focusing on the organization of substance, as well as its changes as invited by the Second Law of thermodynamics. Modes of change are pointed to as definitive of levels of organization; these include physical, chemical,
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This paper presents a viewpoint on natural philosophy focusing on the organization of substance, as well as its changes as invited by the Second Law of thermodynamics. Modes of change are pointed to as definitive of levels of organization; these include physical, chemical, and biological modes of change. Conceptual uses of the subsumptive hierarchy format are employed throughout this paper. Developmental change in dissipative structures is examined in some detail, generating an argument for the use of final causality in studies of natural systems. Considerations of ‘internalism’ in science are presented along the way. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Contemporary Natural Philosophy and Philosophies)
Open AccessEssay A Media Ecologist/Physicist’s Take on Pope Francis’ Encyclical Laudato Si: An Ecumenical Approach to a Dialogue of Science and Religion
Philosophies 2018, 3(3), 22; https://doi.org/10.3390/philosophies3030022
Received: 31 July 2018 / Revised: 15 August 2018 / Accepted: 20 August 2018 / Published: 23 August 2018
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Abstract
An analysis is made of Pope Francis’ Encyclical Laudato Si from a general systems approach. A call is made for a dialogue between theologians and environmental scientist. A parallel is found between the Pope’s identification of rapidification as a root cause of global
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An analysis is made of Pope Francis’ Encyclical Laudato Si from a general systems approach. A call is made for a dialogue between theologians and environmental scientist. A parallel is found between the Pope’s identification of rapidification as a root cause of global warming and McLuhan’s notion of the speedup of modern life due to the emergence of electric technology. An analysis of Hebrew Scriptures is made, suggesting that rather than subduing the earth, the translation of Gen 1:28 seems to indicate that the intention was to occupy and tend the land. The Jewish notion of Bal Tashchit one of the 613 mitzvos or commandments from Scripture, supports this interpretation as it calls for stewardship of G-d’s gifts. Full article
Open AccessArticle Autonomy as a Social Role and the Function of Diversity
Philosophies 2018, 3(3), 21; https://doi.org/10.3390/philosophies3030021
Received: 1 July 2018 / Revised: 16 August 2018 / Accepted: 20 August 2018 / Published: 22 August 2018
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Abstract
In the ambit of the debate on “personal autonomy”, we propose to intend “personal autonomy” in a social sense. We undertake this move because we think that autonomy is compatible with socialization and we will give reasons for this claim. Moreover, we must
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In the ambit of the debate on “personal autonomy”, we propose to intend “personal autonomy” in a social sense. We undertake this move because we think that autonomy is compatible with socialization and we will give reasons for this claim. Moreover, we must consider the role of the wide variety of informational sources we are exposed to that influence our behavior. Social background represents the ontological ground from which we develop the capacity for autonomy; at the same time, interaction with others (real or virtual) enlarges the possibility for autonomous judgements. Our attempt is, first, to try to sketch a social notion of personal autonomy and, second, to elucidate the connection between autonomy and the exposition to informational and social diversity. Full article
Open AccessBook Review In Praise of and a Critique of Nicholas Maxwell’s In Praise of Natural Philosophy: A Revolution for Thought and Life
Philosophies 2018, 3(3), 20; https://doi.org/10.3390/philosophies3030020
Received: 10 August 2018 / Revised: 16 August 2018 / Accepted: 20 August 2018 / Published: 20 August 2018
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(This article belongs to the Special Issue Contemporary Natural Philosophy and Philosophies)
Open AccessBook Review The Singular Universe and the Reality of Time: A Proposal in Natural Philosophy. By Roberto Mangabeira Unger and Lee Smolin. Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK, 2014; 566 pp.; ISBN-10: 1107074061, ISBN-13: 978-1107074064
Philosophies 2018, 3(3), 19; https://doi.org/10.3390/philosophies3030019
Received: 14 July 2018 / Accepted: 17 July 2018 / Published: 18 July 2018
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Open AccessErratum Erratum: Schroeder, M.J. The Philosophy of Philosophies: Synthesis through Diversity. Philosophies 2016, 1, 1
Philosophies 2018, 3(3), 18; https://doi.org/10.3390/philosophies3030018
Received: 21 June 2018 / Accepted: 21 June 2018 / Published: 22 June 2018
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Abstract
The author wishes to add the following correction to his paper published in Philosophies [1]:
The repeated fragment from lines 13–18 and part of 19 on page 69 should be deleted [...] Full article
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