Next Article in Journal
Effect of La3+ Modification on the Electrochemical Performance of Na3V2(PO4)2F3
Next Article in Special Issue
State-of-Charge Monitoring by Impedance Spectroscopy during Long-Term Self-Discharge of Supercapacitors and Lithium-Ion Batteries
Previous Article in Journal
Application of Robust Design Methodology to Battery Packs for Electric Vehicles: Identification of Critical Technical Requirements for Modular Architecture
Article Menu
Issue 3 (September) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle

Comparison of Battery Architecture Dependability

Univ Lyon, Université Claude Bernard Lyon 1, École Centrale de Lyon, INSA Lyon, CNRS, Ampère, F-69622 Villeurbanne, France
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Batteries 2018, 4(3), 31;
Received: 14 May 2018 / Revised: 7 June 2018 / Accepted: 7 June 2018 / Published: 3 July 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Batteries and Supercapacitors Aging)
PDF [8299 KB, uploaded 3 July 2018]


This paper presents various solutions for organizing an accumulator battery. It examines three different architectures: series-parallel, parallel-series and C3C architecture, which spread the cell output current flux to three other cells. Alternatively, to improve a several cell system reliability, it is possible to insert more cells than necessary and soliciting them less. Classical RAMS (Reliability, Availability, Maintainability, Safety) solutions can be deployed by adding redundant cells or by tolerating some cell failures. With more cells than necessary, it is also possible to choose active cells by a selection algorithm and place the others at rest. Each variant is simulated for the three architectures in order to determine the impact on battery-operative dependability, that is to say the duration of how long the battery complies specifications. To justify that the conventional RAMS solutions are not deployed to date, this article examines the influence on operative dependability. If the conventional variants allow to extend the moment before the battery stops to be operational, using an algorithm with a suitable optimization criterion further extend the battery mission time. View Full-Text
Keywords: battery; operative dependability; selection algorithm battery; operative dependability; selection algorithm

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Savard, C.; Venet, P.; Niel, É.; Piétrac, L.; Sari, A. Comparison of Battery Architecture Dependability. Batteries 2018, 4, 31.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Batteries EISSN 2313-0105 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top