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Open AccessArticle

Adoption and Impacts of Integrated Pest Management in Bangladesh: Evidence from Smallholder Bitter Gourd Growers

1
Department of Management and Finance, Sher-e-Bangla Agricultural University, Dhaka 1207, Bangladesh
2
Department of Agricultural and Applied Economics, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, VA 24061-0401, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Horticulturae 2019, 5(2), 32; https://doi.org/10.3390/horticulturae5020032
Received: 26 January 2019 / Revised: 4 April 2019 / Accepted: 12 April 2019 / Published: 17 April 2019
Determinants of integrated pest management (IPM) adoption, productivity and efficiency of bitter gourd (Momordica charantia L.) growers in Bangladesh were jointly measured using propensity score matching (PSM), sample selection stochastic frontier production function (SFPF) and inverse probability weighted regression adjustment (IPWRA) techniques. The significant value (P < 0.05) of the selectivity variable (ρ(w,v)) coefficient justifies the use of the sample selection SFPF. The decision to adopt IPM was positively influenced by the training and other farmers’ decisions to adopt. Mean technical efficiency (MTE) was found to be significantly higher for adopters (0.59) compared to non-adopters (0.40). The MTE analysis suggests that arranging more training sessions and making farmers more familiar with the IPM practices would improve the technical efficiency of the growers. Adoption of IPM practices significantly reduced the number pesticide applications, which imply environmental benefits from their adoption. View Full-Text
Keywords: adoption; impact evaluation; pesticide applications; productivity; sample selection stochastic production frontier; technical efficiency adoption; impact evaluation; pesticide applications; productivity; sample selection stochastic production frontier; technical efficiency
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MDPI and ACS Style

Rahman, M.S.; Norton, G.W. Adoption and Impacts of Integrated Pest Management in Bangladesh: Evidence from Smallholder Bitter Gourd Growers. Horticulturae 2019, 5, 32.

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