Metazoan tsRNAs: Biogenesis, Evolution and Regulatory Functions
AbstractTransfer RNA-derived small RNAs (tsRNAs) are an emerging class of regulatory non-coding RNAs that play important roles in post-transcriptional regulation across a variety of biological processes. Here, we review the recent advances in tsRNA biogenesis and regulatory functions from the perspectives of functional and evolutionary genomics, with a focus on the tsRNA biology of Drosophila. We first summarize our current understanding of the biogenesis mechanisms of different categories of tsRNAs that are generated under physiological or stressed conditions. Next, we review the conservation patterns of tsRNAs in all domains of life, with an emphasis on the conservation of tsRNAs between two Drosophila species. Then, we elaborate the currently known regulatory functions of tsRNAs in mRNA translation that are independent of, or dependent on, Argonaute (AGO) proteins. We also highlight some issues related to the fundamental biology of tsRNAs that deserve further study. View Full-Text
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Dou, S.; Wang, Y.; Lu, J. Metazoan tsRNAs: Biogenesis, Evolution and Regulatory Functions. Non-Coding RNA 2019, 5, 18.
Dou S, Wang Y, Lu J. Metazoan tsRNAs: Biogenesis, Evolution and Regulatory Functions. Non-Coding RNA. 2019; 5(1):18.Chicago/Turabian Style
Dou, Shengqian; Wang, Yirong; Lu, Jian. 2019. "Metazoan tsRNAs: Biogenesis, Evolution and Regulatory Functions." Non-Coding RNA 5, no. 1: 18.