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Physical Background, Computations and Practical Issues of the Magnetohydrodynamic Pressure Drop in a Fusion Liquid Metal Blanket

Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA
Academic Editors: Ioannis Sarris and V’yacheslav Akkerman
Fluids 2021, 6(3), 110; https://doi.org/10.3390/fluids6030110
Received: 6 February 2021 / Revised: 2 March 2021 / Accepted: 4 March 2021 / Published: 8 March 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Fluids in Magnetic/Electric Fields)
In blankets of a fusion power reactor, liquid metal (LM) breeders, such as pure lithium or lead-lithium alloy, circulate in complex shape blanket conduits for power conversion and tritium breeding in the presence of a strong plasma-confining magnetic field. The interaction of the magnetic field with induced electric currents in the breeder results in various magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) effects on the flow. Of them, high MHD pressure losses in the LM breeder flows is one of the most important feasibility issues. To design new feasible LM breeding blankets or to improve the existing blanket concepts and designs, one needs to identify and characterize sources of high MHD pressure drop, to understand the underlying physics of MHD flows and to eventually define ways of mitigating high MHD pressure drop in the entire blanket and its sub-components. This article is a comprehensive review of earlier and recent studies of MHD pressure drop in LM blankets with a special focus on: (1) physics of LM MHD flows in typical blanket configurations, (2) development and testing of computational tools for LM MHD flows, (3) practical aspects associated with pumping of a conducting liquid breeder through a strong magnetic field, and (4) approaches to mitigation of the MHD pressure drop in a LM blanket. View Full-Text
Keywords: fusion; liquid metal; blanket; pressure drop; magnetohydrodynamics fusion; liquid metal; blanket; pressure drop; magnetohydrodynamics
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MDPI and ACS Style

Smolentsev, S. Physical Background, Computations and Practical Issues of the Magnetohydrodynamic Pressure Drop in a Fusion Liquid Metal Blanket. Fluids 2021, 6, 110. https://doi.org/10.3390/fluids6030110

AMA Style

Smolentsev S. Physical Background, Computations and Practical Issues of the Magnetohydrodynamic Pressure Drop in a Fusion Liquid Metal Blanket. Fluids. 2021; 6(3):110. https://doi.org/10.3390/fluids6030110

Chicago/Turabian Style

Smolentsev, Sergey. 2021. "Physical Background, Computations and Practical Issues of the Magnetohydrodynamic Pressure Drop in a Fusion Liquid Metal Blanket" Fluids 6, no. 3: 110. https://doi.org/10.3390/fluids6030110

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