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Rehabilitative Support for Persons with Dementia and Their Families to Acquire Self-Management Attitude and Improve Social Cognition and Sense of Cognitive Empathy

National Center for Geriatrics and Gerontology 7-430, Morioka, Obu, Aichi 474-8511, Japan
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Geriatrics 2019, 4(1), 26; https://doi.org/10.3390/geriatrics4010026
Received: 21 December 2018 / Revised: 19 February 2019 / Accepted: 23 February 2019 / Published: 25 February 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Cognitive Aging and Cognitive Impairment)
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Abstract

People with dementia are often inevitably confronted with various difficulties with social interaction and communication, which is a core problem that can be improved with rehabilitative support, thus improving their quality of life. The authors propose rehabilitative support using communication via activities; co-beneficial relationship-based rehabilitation, which emphasizes the following 3 points: support for people with dementia to improve social reserves, which is the ability to overcome the decline in social cognition; support for family members for improving cognitive empathy, which is the ability to analyze the background of others’ behaviors and speech; and the involvement of the practitioner to supervise and empower them. The process of intervention is as follows: (1) selecting activities for collaboration; (2) sharing information on their current situation including declined abilities; (3) enhancing cognitive empathy through dementia education; (4) designing the intervention measures together; and (5) practice and feedback. Living with dementia involves a continuous process of coping with various challenges in daily living, however, the process of effectively managing these challenges is one of the ways to improve the quality of life of people with dementia and their family members. View Full-Text
Keywords: dementia; quality of life; rehabilitation; occupational therapy; pro-social relationship; social reserve; cognitive empathy dementia; quality of life; rehabilitation; occupational therapy; pro-social relationship; social reserve; cognitive empathy
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Maki, Y.; Hattori, H. Rehabilitative Support for Persons with Dementia and Their Families to Acquire Self-Management Attitude and Improve Social Cognition and Sense of Cognitive Empathy. Geriatrics 2019, 4, 26.

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